Skip to main content

Table 1 Maternal and infant baseline, number of infant deaths and infant mortality rates in a cohort of 866 live births in Banfora Health District, Burkina Faso

From: The high burden of infant deaths in rural Burkina Faso: a prospective community-based cohort study

  Mothers (n = 846) Live births (n = 866) Infant deaths Infant mortality rates (per 1000 live births)
N (%) N (%) (N = 98)
Categorical variables
Area of residence
Banfora 418 (49) 429 (50) 56 130.5
Soubakénédougou 208 (25) 212 (24) 18 85.0
Sidéradougou 220 (26) 225 (26) 24 106.7
Distance to nearest health facility
≤5 km 406 (48) 419 (48) 55 131.3
>5 km 440 (52) 447 (52) 43 96.2
Maternal age
<20 132 (16) 133 (15) 17 127.8
20-35 626 (74) 644 (75) 75 116.5
>35 88 (10) 89 (10) 6 67.4
Parity
0 138 (16) 139 (16) 19 136.7
1 137 (16) 141 (16) 17 120.6
2-4 393(47) 406 (47) 43 105.9
5+ 178 (21) 180 (21) 19 105.6
Polygynous household
Yes 409 (48) 420 (48) 61 145.2
No 437 (52) 446 (52) 37 83.0
Maternal education
None 678 (80) 694 (80) 78 112.4
Literacy/primary school 116 (14) 120 (14) 17 141.7
Secondary school 52 (06) 52 (06) 3 57.7
Socio-economic status
(based on household assets)a
Quintile 1 (most poor) 182 (22) 184 (21) 17 92.4
Quintile 2 156 (18) 163 (19) 26 159.5
Quintile 3 178 (21) 178 (21) 21 118.0
Quintile 4 166 (20) 174 (20) 14 80.5
Quintile 5 (least poor) 164 (19) 167 (19) 20 119.8
Previous child deathb
Yes 419 (59) 429 (59) 54 125.9
No 289 (41) 298 (41) 25 83.9
Antenatal care visits
0 237 (28) 240 (28) 25 104.2
1-2 455 (54) 466 (54) 58 124.5
>2 154 (18) 160 (18) 15 93.8
Mother sleeps under bednet
Yes 324 (38) 332 (38) 32 96.4
No 522 (62) 534 (62) 66 123.6
Birth attendant
Health personnel 319 (38) 326 (38) 41 125.8
TBA/Family/none 527 (62) 540 (62) 57 105.6
Season of birth
Dry season (Nov-April)   407 (47) 50 122.9
Rainy (May-Oct)   459 (53) 48 104.6
Newborn gender
Girl   426 (49) 48 112.7
Boy   440 (51) 50 113.6
Birth weightc (g)
< 2500   41 (05) 5 122.0
≥ 2500   254 (29) 21 82.7
Missing   571 (66) 72 126.1
Low anthropometric scored at week-3
Yes   212 (24) 27 127.4
No   511 (59) 21 41.1
Missing   143 (17) 50 349.7
Continuous variables
     Median (IQR)
Infant z-scores at week-3d
z-score of weight for height −0.81 (−1.68-0)
z-score of height for age −0.63 (−1.39-0.17)
z-score of weight for age −0.90 (−1.61 to (−)0.11)
  1. aA relative wealth index as a proxy for socio-economic status was based on data collected at recruitment on housing material (walls, floor, windows, roof), and household assets such as possession of the following items: car/truck, motorcycle/scooter, bicycle, mobile phone/telephone, plough and chart. The index was constructed using principal component analysis.
  2. bRestricted to multiparous mothers.
  3. conly 295 children had a birth weight recorded.
  4. dn = 723, includes only those with weight and/or height measured at week-3 (±7 days).