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Table 3 Risk of disability pension among women compared to men in three educational groups

From: Women’s higher likelihood of disability pension: the role of health, family and work. A 5–7 years follow-up of the Hordaland Health Study

Educational level Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5
  HR 95% CI HR 95% CI HR 95% CI HR 95% CI HR 95% CI
University / college           
Women (men = ref) 1.88 1.17–3.03 1.48 0.91–2.39 1.69 1.00–2.86 1.45 0.82–2.57 1.10 0.58–2.08
Vocational/high secondary           
Women (men = ref) 2.19 1.55–3.08 1.98 1.40–2.80 1.96 1.36–2.81 2.40 1.63–3.54 2.14 1.37–3.37
Primary/secondary           
Women (men = ref) 2.22 1.42–3.47 1.86 1.19–2.91 1.88 1.15–3.05 1.99 1.18–3.35 2.67 1.50–4.77
  1. Hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) from multivariate Cox regression models.
  2. Model 1: Gender only.
  3. Model 2: Model 1 + self-perceived health (mental and physical).
  4. Model 3: Model 2 + family situation (married/divorced, living with children <18 years, spouse receives social benefit).
  5. Model 4: Model 3 + occupational class.
  6. Model 5: Model 4 + working hours per week.