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Table 2 Risk of disability pension among women compared to men, in a cumulative Cox regression model

From: Women’s higher likelihood of disability pension: the role of health, family and work. A 5–7 years follow-up of the Hordaland Health Study

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5
  HR 95% CI HR 95% CI HR 95% CI HR 95% CI HR 95% CI
Men 1   1   1   1   1  
Women 2.21 1.75–2.80 1.87 1.48–2.37 1.91 1.48–2.46 2.04 1.56–2.68 1.95 1.43–2.65
Mental health (ref = Quartile 1)    1   1   1   1  
Quartile 2    1.17 0.82–1.65 1.20 0.83–1.75 1.23 0.84–1.78 1.24 0.85–1.83
Quartile 3    1.02 0.71–1.46 1.10 0.75–1.59 1.10 0.75–1.62 1.12 0.76–1.65
Quartile 4    2.04 1.53–2.72 1.98 1.45–2.71 1.96 1.43–2.70 1.96 1.42–2.72
Physical health (Quartile 1)    1   1   1   1  
Quartile 2    1.49 0.86–2.59 1.69 0.94–3.03 1.63 0.91–2.93 1.63 0.91–2.92
Quartile 3    2.50 1.53–4.08 2.70 1.60–4.58 2.49 1.47–4.24 2.34 1.37–4.00
Quartile 4    10.32 6.76–15.75 10.59 6.67–16.81 9.19 5.77–14.63 8.64 5.42–13.77
Married (ref = yes)      1   1   1  
No      0.78 0.53–1.14 0.76 0.51–1.13 0.76 0.50–1.14
Ever divorced (ref = no)      1   1   1  
Yes      1.83 1.17–2.86 1.75 1.11–2.77 1.86 1.16–2.97
Children < 18 y at home (ref = yes)      1   1   1  
No      1.51 1.14–1.99 1.47 1.11–1.95 1.56 1.17–2.07
Spouse social benefit (ref = no)      1   1   1  
Yes      1.49 1.03–2.17 1.44 0.99–2.09 1.52 1.05–2.21
Administrative/professional class        1   1  
Routine non-manual class        1.22 0.87–1.73 1.23 0.86–1.74
Manual class        2.09 1.52–2.87 2.12 1.51–2.94
>37 working hours per week          1  
27-36          0.88 0.63–1.23
<27          1.46 1.05–2.02
  1. Hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) from multivariate Cox regression models.
  2. Model 1: Gender only.
  3. Model 2: Model 1 + self-perceived health (mental and physical).
  4. Model 3: Model 2 + family situation (married/divorced, living with children <18 years, spouse receives social benefit).
  5. Model 4: Model 3 + occupational class.
  6. Model 5: Model 4 + working hours per week.