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Table 2 Anthropometric characteristics of Balearic Islands adolescents, according to physical activity practice and stratified by sex

From: Association between sedentary behaviour and socioeconomic factors, diet and lifestyle among the Balearic Islands adolescents

  Boys Girls
  Sedentary adolescents Active adolescents P Sedentary adolescents Active adolescents P
n 207 732   519 503  
% 22.0 78.0   50.8 49.2  
Weight (kg) 65.1 ± 13.1 63.2 ± 13.0 NS 56.1 ± 11.0 57.8 ± 11.1 *
Height (cm) 169.5 ± 8.6 170.3 ± 8.7 NS 161.0 ± 6.6 160.8 ± 6.6 NS
BMI (kg/m2) 22.5 ± 3.8 21.7 ± 3.8 ** 21.6 ± 4.0 22.3 ± 3.8 **
WC (cm) 74.7 ± 8.6 72.9 ± 8.4 * 67.8 ± 8.2 68.6 ± 8.1 NS
HC (cm) 93.6 ± 9.9 91.6 ± 10.0 * 93.5 ± 9.9 95.0 ± 9.8 *
TSCF (mm) 11.7 ± 5.1 10.5 ± 5.1 ** 15.3 ± 5.3 15.2 ± 5.3 NS
SCSF (mm) 12.1 ± 3.2 10.1 ± 5.9 *** 12.9 ± 6.0 13.1 ± 6.0 NS
BF (%) 19.2 ± 4.6 16.5 ± 8.4 *** 24.2 ± 6.4 24.1 ± 6.4 NS
FMI 4.7 ± 2.8 3.8 ± 2.8 *** 5.4 ± 2.2 5.6 ± 2.3 NS
WHtR 0.5 ± 0.06 0.4 ± 0.05 ** 0.4 ± 0.04 0.4 ± 0.04 NS
  1. Abbreviations: BMI, body mass index; WC, waist circumference; HC, hip circumference; TSCF, tricipital skinfold thickness; SCSF, subscapular skinfold thickness; BF, body fat; FMI, fat mass index; WHtR, waist-to-height ratio.
  2. Values are mean ± SD. Significant differences between sedentary and active adolescents by ANCOVA adjusted for age, parental profession level, parental education level, number of daily meals & snacks, and adherence to the Mediterranean diet.
  3. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001. NS: not significant.