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Table 4 Changes in fasting blood measurements, resting energy expenditure and respiratory quotient

From: The effect of 12 weeks of aerobic, resistance or combination exercise training on cardiovascular risk factors in the overweight and obese in a randomized trial

  Baseline Week 8 Week 12
TG (mmol/L)    
Control 1.25 ± 0.17 1.37 ± 0.19 1.48 ± 0.23
Aerobic 1.36 ± 0.19 1.29 ± 0.11 1.40 ± 0.16
Resistance 1.27 ± 0.12 1.21 ± 0.16 1.38 ± 0.18
Combination 1.10 ± 0.10 1.08 ± 0.10 1.36 ± 0.17*
TC (mmol/L)    
Control 5.51 ± 0.29 5.88 ± 0.32 5.49 ± 0.28a
Aerobic 5.83 ± 0.32 5.72 ± 0.29 5.56 ± 0.37a
Resistance 5.49 ± 0.38 5.76 ± 0.36 6.15 ± 0.44* b
Combination 5.71 ± 0.31 5.74 ± 0.27 5.75 ± 0.26ab
HDL (mmol/L)    
Control 1.42 ± 0.11 1.45 ± 0.11ab 1.35 ± 0.10a
Aerobic 1.38 ± 0.09 1.31 ± 0.08a 1.28 ± 0.07* a
Resistance 1.34 ± 0.08 1.44 ± 0.08b 1.44 ± 0.08* b
Combination 1.43 ± 0.11 1.44 ± 0.10ab 1.41 ± 0.11ab
LDL (mmol/L)    
Control 3.51 ± 0.26 3.79 ± 0.31 3.47 ± 0.25a
Aerobic 3.89 ± 0.30 3.82 ± 0.27 3.64 ± 0.33a
Resistance 3.56 ± 0.33 3.76 ± 0.31 4.08 ± 0.36* b
Combination 3.78 ± 0.27 3.80 ± 0.22 3.71 ± 0.22a
NEFA (mmol/L)    
Control 0.51 ± 0.03 0.45 ± 0.04a 0.48 ± 0.03
Aerobic 0.50 ± 0.04 0.59 ± 0.05b 0.47 ± 0.04
Resistance 0.49 ± 0.04 0.52 ± 0.04ab 0.54 ± 0.05
Combination 0.46 ± 0.03 0.49 ± 0.03ab 0.54 ± 0.04
Glucose (mmol/L)    
Control 5.35 ± 0.13 5.46 ± 0.10 5.26 ± 0.18
Aerobic 5.68 ± 0.17 5.78 ± 0.18 5.73 ± 0.10
Resistance 5.81 ± 0.46 5.81 ± 0.17 5.77 ± 0.16
Combination 5.38 ± 0.13 5.31 ± 0.10 5.55 ± 0.13
Insulin (μUI/mL)    
Control 14.89 ± 2.29 14.82 ± 1.66 14.76 ± 1.69
Aerobic 13.05 ± 1.01 16.67 ± 1.48* 15.87 ± 1.86
Resistance 13.98 ± 1.40 16.82 ± 1.33* 13.48 ± 1.24
Combination 14.24 ± 1.03 17.07 ± 1.33* 14.25 ± 1.25
ApoB48 (μg/mL)    
Control 6.75 ± 0.74 6.23 ± 0.58 7.08 ± 0.77a
Aerobic 5.68 ± 0.59 5.57 ± 0.78 5.58 ± 0.77ab
Resistance 5.92 ± 1.05 4.54 ± 0.64 4.46 ± 0.45* b
Combination 5.30 ± 0.56 5.33 ± 0.82 5.04 ± 0.78ab
REE (kJ/day)    
Control 6088.4 ± 392.7   6081.9 ± 384.8
Aerobic 6388.2 ± 281.2   6283.5 ± 264.6
Resistance 6468.3 ± 312.1   6431.2 ± 302.5
Combination 6328.2 ± 319.7   6252.1 ± 291.1
RQ    
Control 0.84 ± 0.007   0.84 ± 0.012
Aerobic 0.84 ± 0.010   0.84 ± 0.014
Resistance 0.85 ± 0.016   0.81 ± 0.016*
Combination 0.83 ± 0.023   0.84 ± 0.017
  1. Values are mean ± SEM (n = 64) of fasting blood measurements at baseline, week 8 and week 12. Statistical significance from baseline (within groups) is indicated by * p < 0.05. Statistical differences between groups at week 8 or 12 with baseline as a covariate indicated by different superscripts p < 0.05. TG: triglyceride. TC: total cholesterol. HDL: high density lipoprotein. LDL: low density lipoprotein. NEFA: non-esterified fatty acid. ApoB48: apolipoprotein B48. REE: resting energy expenditure. RQ: respiratory quotient.