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Table 2 Changes in nutritional variables

From: The effect of 12 weeks of aerobic, resistance or combination exercise training on cardiovascular risk factors in the overweight and obese in a randomized trial

  Baseline Week 8 Week 12
Energy Intake (EI)    
Control 7085.1 ± 550.8 7535.6 ± 1197.8 6723.2 ± 585.9
Aerobic 8741.6 ± 1052.7 7471.7 ± 706.7 7179.4 ± 502.3*
Resistance 7776.6 ± 418.0 7234.5 ± 478.0 6937.1 ± 471.6*
Combination 7675.3 ± 324.8 7726.5 ± 428.6 6920.2 ± 402.7
Carbohydrate % of EI    
Control 41.8 ± 3.0 42.1 ± 1.8 40.7 ± 2.5
Aerobic 42.5 ± 3.1 44.4 ± 2.6 41.2 ± 2.3
Resistance 40.2 ± 1.6 41.7 ± 1.9 39.4 ± 2.0
Combination 44.2 ± 1.9 44.8 ± 1.9 43.4 ± 1.9
Protein % of EI    
Control 18.9 ± 1.5 20.1 ± 1.1 18.5 ± 1.2
Aerobic 18.3 ± 1.3 19.7 ± 1.4 20.8 ± 1.4*
Resistance 19.8 ± 1.1 19.0 ± 0.7 20.2 ± 1.0
Combination 19.1 ± 0.9 18.5 ± 1.0 18.4 ± 1.1
Fat % of EI    
Control 33.5 ± 2.2 34.0 ± 1.5 37.1 ± 1.8
Aerobic 35.2 ± 2.6 33.1 ± 1.9 35.1 ± 1.8
Resistance 36.0 ± 1.2 34.8 ± 1.8 36.4 ± 1.4
Combination 33.9 ± 1.7 35.7 ± 1.7 35.7 ± 1.4
SFA % of Fat    
Control 41.6 ± 2.1 40.2 ± 1.5 43.6 ± 2.1
Aerobic 41.6 ± 2.3 41.8 ± 1.6 42.5 ± 1.9
Resistance 40.4 ± 1.8 43.3 ± 1.8 42.6 ± 1.0
Combination 45.4 ± 1.6 45.5 ± 1.6 42.8 ± 3.0
MUFA % of Fat    
Control 40.6 ± 1.4 41.4 ± 1.1 39.6 ± 1.3
Aerobic 41.3 ± 1.5 39.6 ± 0.8 38.8 ± 1.2
Resistance 39.9 ± 0.9 40.3 ± 1.0 40.8 ± 1.2
Combination 38.9 ± 1.0 39.5 ± 1.0 39.5 ± 1.1
PUFA % of Fat    
Control 17.7 ± 1.5 18.4 ± 1.1 16.9 ± 1.4
Aerobic 17.1 ± 1.2 18.4 ± 1.6 18.6 ± 1.8
Resistance 19.6 ± 1.5 16.6 ± 1.2 16.8 ± 1.1
Combination 15.9 ± 1.0 15.2 ± 0.8 17.5 ± 2.4
  1. Values are daily mean ± SEM (n = 53) of the nutritional data recorded in 3-day food diaries at baseline, week 8 and week 12. Statistical significance from baseline is indicated by * p < 0.05. SFA: saturated fatty acid. MUFA: monounsaturated fatty acid. PUFA: polyunsaturated fatty acid.