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Table 1 Characteristics of two Indian demand-side financing programs for maternal health

From: An evaluation of two large scale demand side financing programs for maternal health in India: the MATIND study protocol

   CY – a voucher program (Gujarat)   JSY – a conditional cash transfer (MP) 
 Area of Operation  Gujarat (60.4 million) Nationwide (studied here in Madhya Pradesh) (72.6 million)
 Context  Socioeconomically relatively advanced: MMR half of that in MP (142/100 000), 16% population below the poverty line Poor socioeconomic indicators, MMR (310/100 000), largely rural province, 38% of the population below the poverty line
 Target group  Mothers below poverty line and tribal mothers All mothers
 Type of Program  Payment by state to the private provider i.e. obstetrician (voucher based) CCT – payment by state to the mother (conditional cash transfer)
 Incentive for  Institutional delivery Institutional delivery
 Accepted place of delivery  Empanelled private sector obstetric facilities Public sector institutions largely
 Involvement of private sector  Yes Yes (extremely restricted)
 Payment mechanism  Providers paid per block of 100 deliveries (20% in advance) Payment to woman at the time of discharge from hospital after delivery
 Quantum of payment  A flat amount of INR 288000($5760) is paid to the obstetrician per 100 women (regardless of delivery type) INR1400 ($28) to rural mothers on discharge (INR1000 to urban mothers).
 Expected effect  Provides access to EmOC care – which is available more widely Increase institutional delivery, hence access to EmOC
 Support for Emergency transport  Centralized 108 ambulance system Decentralized Janani Express model