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Table 4 Unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios of reporting a specific cancer symptom within the preceding 12 months by participant characteristics

From: Associations between reporting of cancer alarm symptoms and socioeconomic and demographic determinants: a population-based, cross-sectional study

  Felt a lump in the breast Coughed for more than six weeks Seen blood in urine Seen blood in stool
Crude 95% CI Adjusted* 95% CI Crude 95% CI Adjusted* 95% CI Crude 95% CI Adjusted* 95% CI Crude 95% CI Adjusted* 95% CI
Sex male 1   1   1   1   1   1   1   1  
  Female 4.90 3.76 to 6.39 4.63 3.54 to 6.04 1.17 1.02 to 1.33 1.17 1.02 to 1.34 0.96 0.76 to 1.20 0.93 0.74 to 1.17 0.68 0.59 to 0.80 0.66 0.57 to 0.77
Age, years 20-39 1   1   1   1   1   1   1   1  
  40-59 0.97 0.70 to 1.34 0.91 0.66 to 1.26 1.29 0.98 to 1.70 1.28 0.97 to 1.69 0.99 0.62 to 1.57 0.95 0.59 to 1.51 0.78 0.62 to 1.00 0.76 0.60 to 0.96
  60-79 0.39 0.27 to 0.56 0.34 0.23 to 0.49 1.40 1.06 to 1.85 1.39 1.05 to 1.84 1.41 0.88 to 2.23 1.29 0.81 to 2.05 0.44 0.34 to 0.57 0.40 0.31 to 0.53
  80-99 0.44 0.25 to 0.77 0.33 0.18 to 0.58 0.80 0.53 to 1.20 0.77 0.51 to 1.17 1.40 0.77 to 2.52 1.22 0.67 to 2.22 0.29 0.18 to 0.46 0.26 0.16 to 0.42
Educational level Low 1   1   1   1   1   1   1   1  
  Medium 0.94 0.73 to 1.19 0.88 0.69 to 1.14 0.85 0.73 to 0.99 0.86 0.73 to 1.00 1.06 0.81 to 1.39 1.14 0.87 to 1.50 1.16 0.96 to 1.40 0.96 0.79 to 1.16
  High 1.26 0.98 to 1.62 1.06 0.82 to 1.38 0.68 0.57 to 0.82 0.69 0.57 to 0.83 0.85 0.62 to 1.17 0.94 0.68 to 1.30 1.40 1.15 to 1.71 1.14 0.93 to 1.40
Income level Low 1   1   1   1   1   1   1   1  
  Medium 1.32 1.03 to 1.70 1.05 0.80 to 1.38 0.91 0.78 to 1.07 0.86 0.73 to 1.02 0.87 0.67 to 1.14 0.96 0.73 to 1.28 1.22 1.00 to 1.48 0.95 0.77 to 1.69
  High 1.16 0.86 to 1.55 1.28 0.92 to 1.78 0.75 0.62 to 0.91 0.71 0.57 to 0.88 0.78 0.56 to 1.07 0.89 0.62 to 1.28 1.43 1.15 to 1.79 0.93 0.73 to 1.19
Labour market affiliation Working 1   1   1   1   1   1   1   1  
Pensioners 0.43 0.33 to 0.56 0.66 0.42 to 1.03 1.09 0.94 to 1.27 1.06 0.85 to 1.33 1.38 1.08 to 1.76 1.05 0.72 to 1.52 0.51 0.42 to 0.62 0.80 0.60 to 1.08
  Out of workforce 1.26 0.93 to 1.72 1.10 0.80 to 1.52 2.30 1.89 to 2.81 2.10 1.72 to 2.57 1.02 0.79 to 1.83 1.30 0.88 to 1.93 1.38 1.09 to 1.75 1.51 1.18 to 1.91
Cohabit status Single 1   1   1   1   1   1   1   1  
  Cohabitant / married 0.90 0.72 to 1.11 0.91 0.72 to 1.14 0.78 0.68 to 0.90 0.74 0.64 to 0.86 0.75 0.59 to 0.95 0.77 0.60 to 0.98 1.04 0.87 to 1.23 0.93 0.78 to 1.11
Cancer diagnosis No 1   1   1   1   1   1   1   1  
  Yes 2.53 1.97 to 3.25 2.73 2.14 to 3.55 1.19 0.95 to 1.47 1.17 0.94 to 1.46 2.00 1.47 to 2.72 1.90 1.39 to 2.60 1.31 1.03 to 1.66 1.68 1.31 to 2.14
  1. (*adjusted for sex, age and having a cancer diagnosis.) Highlighted figures are statistically significant (p <0.05).