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Table 4 Metabolic disorders in different gender subjects

From: Prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Chinese subjects gradually increased with impaired glucose homeostasis: a multicenter, clinical based, cross-sectional study

  Male Female
NGT IFG/IGT T2D P value for trends NGT IFG/IGT T2D P value for trends
N 1559 1172 3376   782 296 2072  
Abnormal Blood Pressure 556 (35.6%) 672 (57.3%)*** 1879 (55.5%)*** <0.001 169 (21.4%)&&& 112 (37.8%)***&&& 1165 (56.2%)***### <0.001
95%CI (33.2–38.0) (54.5–60.2) (53.9–57.2) (18.5–24.2) (32.3–43.4) (53.8-58.1)
Odds Ratio Ref 2.420(2.072–2.826) 2.255(1.993–2.552) Ref 2.198(1.646–2.937) 4.648(3.840-5.626)
Hypertension 382 (24.5%) 506 (43.2%)*** 1345 (39.8%)***# <0.001 108 (13.8%)&&& 77 (26.0%)***&&& 915 (44.0%)***###&& <0.001
95%CI (22.3–26.6) (40.3–46.0) (38.1–41.4) (11.4–16.2) (21.0–31.0) (41.8-46.1)
Odds Ratio Ref 2.334(1.983–2.748) 2.035(1.779–2.328) Ref 2.187(1.573–3.041) 4.931(3.954-6.149)
Central obesity 392 (25.1%) 497 (42.2%)*** 1716 (50.8%)***### <0.001 248 (31.6%)&& 129 (43.2%)*** 1459 (70.4%)***###&&& <0.001
95%CI (22.9–27.2) (39.4–45.1) (49.1–52.5) (28.3–34.9) (37.6–48.9) (68.2-72.2)
Odds Ratio Ref 2.186(1.858–2.572) 3.066(2.685–3.501) Ref 1.656(1.259–2.178) 5.097(4.269-6.086)
Overweight & Obesity 513 (32.9%) 599 (51.1%)*** 1614 (47.8%)*** <0.001 149 (19.1%)&&& 77 (26.0%)**&&& 835 (40.3%)***###&&& <0.001
95%CI (31.0–35.0) (48.0–54.0) (46.0–49.0) (16.0–22.0) (21.0–31.0) (38.0-42.0)
Odds Ratio Ref 2.124(1.818–2.482) 1.862(1.643–2.110) Ref 1.490(1.087–2.041) 2.867(2.350-3.498)
Abnormal Triglycerides 672 (43.1%) 669 (57.1%)*** 2010 (59.5%)*** <0.001 144 (18.4%)&&& 111 (37.5%)***&&& 1079 (52.1%)***###&&& <0.001
95%CI (40.6–45.5) (54.0–59.7) (57.7–61.1) (15.7–21.1) (32.0–43.1) (49.5-53.8)
Odds Ratio Ref 1.749(1.501–2.038) 1.934(1.713–2.184) Ref 2.646(1.968–3.559) 4.806(3.934-5.871)
Abnormal HDL cholesterol 718 (46.1%) 687 (58.6%)*** 2349 (69.6%)***### <0.001 286 (36.6%)&&& 157 (53.0%)*** 1455 (70.2%)***### <0.001
  (43.5–48.5) (55.5–61.2) (67.9–71.0) (33.8–40.6) (48–59.4) (68.7-72.7)
Odds Ratio Ref 1.653(1.419–1.926) 2.662(2.353–3.012) Ref 1.947(1.486–2.550) 4.070(3.424-4.838)
  1. Compared with NGT *P<0.05, **P<0.01, ***P<0.001; Compared with IFG/IGT #P<0.05, ##P<0.01, ###P<0.001; Compared with male group &P<0.05, &&P<0.01, &&&P<0.001.