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Table 1 Characteristics of Study Sample and Bivariate Analysis of Correlates of Depression among Latina Male-to-Female Transgender Women(n = 220)

From: Perceived discrimination and depression among low-income Latina male-to-female transgender women

Independent Variables Total N (%) [Mean ± SD] Depression (PHQ-9) p value
   Low Severity N (%) [Mean ± SD] Moderate Severity N(%) [Mean ± SD] High Severity N (%) [Mean ± SD]  
Age      0.426
< 35 100 (45) 66 (68) 17 (17) 15 (15)  
≥ 35 120 (55) 77 (64) 17 (14) 26 (22)  
Education      0 .002
< 12th grade 96 (44) 56 (58) 12 (13) 28 (29)  
≥ 12th grade 124 (56) 89 (72) 22 (18) 13 (11)  
Immigration Status      0.998
Legal Resident 117 (53) 77 (66) 18 (15) 22 (19)  
Undocumented 103 (47) 68 (66) 16 (16) 19 (18)  
Years in USA      0.073
< 5 years 29 (13) 22 (76) 6 (21) 1 (3)  
≥ 5 years 191 (87) 123 (64) 28 (15) 40 (21)  
Living Arrangement      0.956
Alone 92 (42) 60 (65) 14 (15) 18 (20)  
With other 128 (58) 85 (66) 20 (16) 23 (18)  
Income      0.357
< $10,000 115 (52) 71 (62) 19 (17) 25 (22)  
≥ $10,000 105 (48) 74 (71) 15 (14) 16 (15)  
History of Sex Work      
No 44 (20) 26 (59) 7 (16) 11 (25) 0.451
Yes 176 (80) 119 (68) 27 (15) 30 (17)  
Sexual Partner Violence (Range 0–2) [1.12 ± 0.82] [0.99 ± 0.81] [1.24 ± 0.85] [1.46 ± 0.74] 0.003
Perceived Discrimination (Range 15–60: Low to High) [42 ± 9.6] [31.4 ± 9.0] [35.6 ± 9.7] [39.0 ± 9.2] 0.001
  1. Low Severity is PHQ-9 scores of 0–9. Moderate Severity is PHQ-9 scores of 10–14. High Severity is PHQ-9 scores of 15–27.