Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 5 Age-adjusted odds ratios (95% Confidence Intervals) for self-reported stress by educational level, employment status and household income level during different study periods between years 1979–2002, women

From: Socio-economic differences in self-reported insomnia and stress in Finland from 1979 to 2002: a population-based repeated cross-sectional survey

  Age-adjusted model Age + all SES variables Age + all SES variables + depression
  79-82 83-87 88-92 93-97 98-02 1979-2002 1 1979-2002 1 1979-2002 1
  OR OR OR OR OR OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Educational level            
Highest 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00   1.00   1.00  
Intermediate 0.88 0.68 0.67 0.87 0.89 0.79 0.74-0.85 0.76 0.71-0.82 0.72 0.67-0.79
Lowest 1.03 0.73 0.60 0.75 0.95 0.80 0.74-0.86 0.76 0.70-0.82 0.70 0.64-0.77
Interaction study period*educational level p < .001
Employment status            
Employed 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00   1.00   1.00  
Student 2.36 1.33 1.90 1.12 1.28 1.57 1.33-1.85 1.45 1.22-1.71 1.40 1.20-1.74
Housewife 1.04 0.71 0.67 0.71 0.69 0.79 0.71-0.88 0.75 0.67-0.84 0.69 0.61-0.78
Retired 2.21 1.47 1.00 0.88 0.98 1.36 1.22-1.52 1.29 1.16-1.45 0.95 0.84-1.07
Unemployed 2.39 1.37 1.61 1.06 1.56 1.45 1.28-1.64 1.37 1.20-1.55 0.99 0.86-1.14
Interaction study period*employment status p < .001
Household income            
Highest 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00   1.00   1.00  
2. highest 0.88 1.01 0.78 0.89 0.78 0.86 0.79-0.94 0.90 0.83-0.99 0.87 0.79-0.96
Middle 1.04 0.71 0.71 0.79 0.82 0.81 0.74-0.89 0.86 0.78-0.94 0.84 0.76-0.93
2. lowest 1.08 0.96 0.70 0.87 0.86 0.89 0.81-0.97 0.95 0.86-1.04 0.91 0.82-1.01
Lowest 1.51 1.08 0.94 1.19 1.09 1.18 1.08-1.29 1.26 1.14-1.39 1.18 1.06-1.31
Interaction study period*household income level p = .040
  1. 1Adjusted for study period.
  2. *Significant odds ratios in bold.