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Table 1 Prevalence and distribution of cardiovascular risk factors and socio-demographic factors by sex

From: Is waist circumference a better predictor of blood pressure, insulin resistance and blood lipids than body mass index in young Chilean adults?

Variable Total Men Women p *
  (n=999) (n=437) (n=562)  
  Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD  
Age (years) 24.8 1.6 24.9 1.6 24.7 1.6 0.022
Full time education (years) 11.1 2.8 10.9 2.8 11.3 2.7 0.033
Number of belongings 1.5 0.95 1.44 0.96 1.54 0.95 0.118
BMI (kg/m2) 25.8 4.5 25.3 3.7 26.2 5.0 0.002
WC (cm) 83.9 11.3 85.1 9.6 83.0 12.5 0.003
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 114.6 13.5 123.5 11.4 107.8 10.7 < 0.001
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 72.5 8.8 75.7 8.4 70.0 8.3 < 0.001
HOMA 2.53 1.58 2.59 1.84 2.48 1.34 0.276
Total cholesterol (mg/dl) 178.3 38.4 175.6 36.0 180.5 40.0 0.047
HDL (mg/dl) 41.4 11.7 39.5 11.1 42.9 11.9 < 0.001
LDL (mg/dl) 114.6 35.6 111.1 33.4 117.3 37.1 0.007
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 112.5 69.4 125.3 81.7 102.5 56.2 < 0.001
Variable % % % p
Smoking 57.8 66.8 50.7 < 0.001
Systolic blood pressure ≥140 mm Hg 4.3 8.9 0.7 < 0.001
Diastolic blood pressure≥90 mm Hg 3.4 5.3 2.0 0.004
HOMA ≥2.53 34.5 35.7 33.6 0.495
Total cholesterol ≥200 mg/dl 25.9 24.9 26.7 0.812
HDL ≤40 mg/dl 49 55.1 44.3 0.003
LDL ≥160 mg/dl 10.4 7.8 12.5 0.056
Triglycerides ≥150 mg/dl 17.6 22.4 13.9 < 0.001
  1. SD is standard deviation and % percentage.
  2. * p value estimated in an analysis of variance (ANOVA).
  3. † p value estimated using chi square test.