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Table 2 Bivariate analysis of the association between mean knowledge scores and socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of the study population (n = 483)

From: Knowledge, attitudes and practices among people with chronic hepatitis B attending a hepatology clinic in Malaysia: A cross sectional study

Characteristic Number Mean (±sd) Test value p value
Age (years)     
<30 78 12.63 (4.06) F = 4.285 0.002*
30–39 84 13.75 (3.43)   
40–49 96 12.03 (5.03)   
50–59 134 13.03 (4.12)   
≥60 91 11.30 (4.78)   
Gender     
Male 275 12.37 (4.46) t = −1.14 ns
Female 208 12.83 (4.29)   
Ethnicity     
Malay 109 12.82 (4.07) F = 2.30 ns
Chinese 353 12.63 (4.39)   
Indian 12 10.17 (5.24)   
Others 9 10.11 (5.82)   
Education level (Age)     
Primary (7–12 years)
and under
62 8.89 (4.69) F = 42.38 ≤0.001**
Secondary (13–17 years) 235 12.21(4.49)   
Tertiary (18 years and above) 186 14.24 (3.14)   
Occupation     
Professional 83 13.98 (3.81) F = 7.26 ≤0.001**
Skilled 41 10.32 (4.60)   
Unskilled 177 13.08 (4.09)   
Unemployed 119 12.26 (4.15)   
Housewife 63 11.30 (5.29)   
Duration of diagnosis (years) (n = 478) ^     
<10 208 11.59 (4.70) F=11.24 ≤0.001**
10-19 161 13.01 (4.18)   
≥20 109 13.85 (3.43)   
Ever received therapy (n=194) #     
Yes 110 13.01 (4.21) t=1.86 ns
No 84 11.82 (4.64)   
Presence of Cirrhosis     
Yes 74 11.16 (4.97) t= 2.67 0.008*
No 409 12.82 (4.23)   
  1. sd, standard deviation; ns, not significant; *significant different at p≤0.05; **significant different at p≤0.001; ^Missing data n=5; #Applicable to those who were offered HBV therapy. Only those with significant liver disease and viral replication are offered treatment [22].