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Table 5 Multivariate associations of obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2) with demographic, socioeconomic factors and health-related behaviours

From: Association of smoking, physical activity, and dietary habits with socioeconomic variables: a cross-sectional study in adults on both sides of the Hungarian-Romanian border

Variables Model 1 Model 2
  Hungarians Romanians Hungarians Romanians
  OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Age (continuous) 1.02 (1.01-1.03)*** 1.03 (1.02-1.05)*** 1.02 (1.01-1.03)*** 1.03 (1.02;1.04)***
   Gender     
   Females 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
   Males 1.10 (0.81-1.47) 1.01 (0.69-1.46) 1.15 (0.84-1.56) 0.93 (0.63-1.38)
Educational level     
   High 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
   Medium 2.09 (1.29-3.37)** 1.53 (0.78-3.01) 2.16 (1.33-3.50)** 1.47 (0.74-2.89)
   Low 1.57 (0.92-2.68) 1.55 (0.77-3.13) 1.66 (0.97-2.84) 1.35 (0.66-2.76)
Self-perceived financial conditions     
   Good 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
   Acceptable 1.02 (0.67-1.57) 0.89 (0.57-1.39) 1.04 (0.67-1.59) 0.78 (0.49-1.23)
   Poor 1.25 (0.78-2.02) 0.88 (0.49-1.60) 1.31 (0.81-2.14) 0.79 (0.43-1.45)
Smoking status     
   Non-smokers    1.00 1.00
   Current smokers    0.70 (0.49-1.00) 1.03 (0.67-1.57)
Dietary habits     
   Healthy diet    1.00 1.00
   Unhealthy diet    0.99 (0.71-1.38) 2.10 (1.18-3.75)*
Leisure time physical activity     
   Active    1.00 1.00
   Inactive    1.74 (1.28-2.36)*** 0.64 (0.42-0.96)*
  1. BMI: body mass index; OR: odds ratio; CI: confidence interval; *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001
  2. Covariates in Model 1: age, gender, educational level and self-perceived financial conditions.
  3. Covariates in Model 2: age, gender, educational level, self-perceived financial conditions, smoking status, dietary habits and leisure time physical activity.
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