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Table 2 Association between individual, social, psychological, environmental-structural factors and consistent condom use among FSWs in Shanghai, China

From: Social, psychological, and environmental-structural factors determine consistent condom use among rural-to-urban migrant female sex workers in Shanghai China

Variable CCU P Unadjusted OR 95% CI
  N %  χ  2    
Year of age       
16-25 188 68.4 7.21 0.007 1.64** 1.14-2.37
26+ 130 56.8     
Year of school completed       
0-9 243 61.1 3.38 0.066 1.54 0.97-2.46
10+ 75 70.8     
Monthly income (RMB [yuan])       
800-2000 156 68.8 3.37 0.066 1.41 0.98-2.03
2001+ 162 57.0     
Establishment location       
Downtown 137 59.3 4.67 0.031 1.51* 1.04-2.21
Suburbs 181 68.8     
Civil status       
Single 208 64.0 0.32 0.571 0.90 0.62-1.31
Married/co-habiting 110 61.5     
Duration of sex work (years)       
0-3 216 65.7 2.66 0.103 1.37 0.94-1.99
4+ 102 58.3     
Age of sexual debut       
14-19 201 65.5 2.03 0.154 1.31 0.90-1.89
20+ 116 59.2     
Age started selling sex       
16-22 178 68.5 6.64 0.010 1.61* 1.12-2.32
23+ 140 57.4     
Average client dates per week       
2-6 166 59.3 4.50 0.034 1.49* 1.03-2.16
7+ 152 68.5     
Perception of susceptibility on HIV/AIDS       
Low (0–3) 166 53.7 30.14 <0.001 3.05*** 2.03-4.57
High (4) 152 77.9     
Perception of benefits on condom use       
Low (0–3) 169 54.9 23.01 <0.001 2.61*** 1.75-3.88
High (4) 149 76.0     
Safe sex self-efficacy       
Low (0–3) 122 49.2 40.52 <0.001 3.37*** 2.30-4.94
High (4) 196 76.6     
Environment-structural support       
Low (0–3) 148 49.8 54.64 <0.001 4.63*** 3.03-7.06
High (4–7) 170 82.1     
  1. CCU consistent condom use, CI confidence interval, OR odds ratio.
  2. P value: * <0.05; ** <0.01; *** <0.001.