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Table 2 Univariate regression analysis (95% CI) of lipid and glucose metabolism with potential mediators

From: Socioeconomic inequalities in lipid and glucose metabolism in early childhood in a population-based cohort: the ABCD-Study

  Cholesterol HDL-C LDL-C Log(triglycerides) Glucose Log(C-peptide) Insulin resistance
Age 0.09 (0.00 – 0.18) ** 0.10 (0.06 – 0.13) **** 0.14 (0.06 – 0.22) 0.01 (−0.01 – 0.04) 0.14 (0.08 – 0.21) **** −0.10 (−0.12 - -0.09) **** −0.15 (−0.19 - - 0.10) ****
Sex (reference: boys) 0.19 (0.12 – 0.26) **** −0.02 (−0.05 – 0.01) 0.24 (0.17 – 0.30) **** 0.06 (0.04 – 0.08) **** −0.13 (−0.18 - -0.08) **** 0.02 (0.01 – 0.03) *** 0.01 (−0.02 – 0.05)
Height in meters −0.33 (−0.99 – 0.33) * 0.15 (−0.15 – 0.45) −0.03 (−0.66 – 0.60) −0.01 (−0.19 – 0.18) 1.20 (0.73 – 1.68) **** −0.13 (−0.25 – -0.00) ** −0.07 (−0.37 – 0.22)
Size at birth (reference: AGA)        
SGA 0.06 (−0.11 – 0.22) 0.08 (0.01 – 0.16) ** −0.04 (−0.19 – 0.12) 0.01 (−0.04 – 0.05) −0.02 (−0.14 – 0.10) −0.01 (−0.04 – 0.02) 0.00 (−0.07 – 0.07)
LGA −0.12 (−0.22 - -0.01) ** −0.04 (−0.09 – 0.01) −0.10 (−0.20 – 0.00) * −0.01 (−0.04 – 0.02) 0.01 (−0.06 – 0.09) 0.01 (−0.01 – 0.03) 0.04 (0.00 – 0.09) *
Maternal BMI 0.00 (−0.01 – 0.01) 0.00 (−0.01 – 0.00) 0.01 (−0.00 – 0.02) * 0.00 (−0.00 – 0.00) 0.01 (−0.00 – 0.02) 0.00 (−0.00 – 0.00) 0.00 (−0.01 – 0.00)
Breastfeeding duration (reference: > 3 months)        
< 1 month −0.02 (−0.11 – 0.07) −0.04 (−0.08 – 0.00) 0.00 (−0.09 – 0.09) 0.02 (−0.00 – 0.05) * −0.01 (−0.08 – 0.06) 0.00 (−0.01 – 0.02) 0.00 (−0.04 – 0.04)
1 – 3 months 0.08 (−0.01 – 0.17) 0.01 (−0.03 – 0.05) 0.07 (−0.02 – 0.15) 0.00 (−0.02 – 0.03) 0.00 (−0.06 – 0.07) 0.00 (−0.02 – 0.01) 0.01 (−0.03 – 0.05)
Childhood sdsBMI 0.01 (−0.04 – 0.06) −0.01 (−0.03 – 0.01) 0.01 (−0.03 – 0.05) 0.01 (−0.01 – 0.02) 0.05 (0.02 – 0.08) *** 0.03 (0.02 – 0.04) **** 0.04 (0.02 – 0.06) ****
Sports club member (reference: yes) −0.01 (−0.09 – 0.07) 0.01 (−0.03 – 0.04) −0.02 (−0.09 – 0.05) 0.00 (−0.02 – 0.02) 0.05 (−0.01 – 0.10) * −0.01 (−0.02 – 0.01) 0.00 (−0.03 – 0.04)
Walking to school (reference: > 60 min a week)        
No 0.09 (−0.02 – 0.21) −0.02 (−0.07 – 0.03) 0.04 (−0.07 – 0.15) 0.00 (−0.03 – 0.03) 0.01 (−0.07 – 0.09) 0.01 (−0.01 – 0.04) 0.03 (−0.02 – 0.08)
< 30 min a week 0.07 (−0.06 – 0.19) −0.01 (−0.07 – 0.05) 0.05 (−0.07 – 0.17) 0.00 (−0.04 – 0.03) 0.00 (−0.09 – 0.09) 0.01 (−0.02 – 0.03) 0.01 (−0.05 – 0.06)
31 – 60 min a week 0.05 (−0.08 – 0.18) −0.04 (−0.10 – 0.02) 0.03 (−0.10 – 0.16) 0.01 (−0.03 – 0.05) 0.06 (−0.03 – 0.16) 0.02 (−0.01 – 0.04) 0.05 (−0.01 – 0.11)
Cycling to school (reference: > 60 min a week)        
No −0.04 (−0.17 – 0.09) −0.05 (−0.10 – 0.01) −0.07 (−0.19 – 0.05) 0.01 (−0.03 – 0.04) −0.01 (−0.10 – 0.09) 0.00 (−0.02 – 0.03) −0.02 (−0.07 – 0.04)
< 30 min a week −0.06 (−0.21 – 0.09) −0.03 (−0.10 – 0.04) −0.07 (−0.21 – 0.07) −0.02 (−0.06 – 0.02) 0.03 (−0.08 – 0.14) 0.00 (−0.02 – 0.03) −0.02 (−0.09 – 0.05)
31 – 60 min a week −0.06 (−0.22 – 0.10) −0.01 (−0.08 – 0.07) −0.08 (−0.23 – 0.08) −0.01 (−0.06 – 0.03) 0.02 (−0.10 – 0.14) 0.01 (−0.02 – 0.05) 0.00 (−0.07 – 0.08)
  1. * p < 0.1; ** p <0.05; *** p < 0.01; ****p < 0.001.