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Table 3 Hierarchical regression model of at-risk alcohol consumption (AUDIT score ≥ 8) for Australian Rural Mental Health Study participants: steps 3 and 4 – recent difficulties, support, and current mental health

From: Individual and district-level predictors of alcohol use: cross sectional findings from a rural mental health survey in Australia

Step - Predictor variable AUDIT total score Univariate OR (99%CI) Multivariate AOR (99%CI)
   0-7 n=1,694 n (%) ≥ 8 n=287 n (%)   
3. Recent difficulties & support
Employment status Employed 898 (82) 192 (18)   
  Retired 585 (90) 63 (9.7) 0.50 (0.34, 0.75)** 0.98 (0.54, 1.8)
  Unable to work 91 (85) 16 (15) 0.82 (0.40, 1.7) 0.64 (0.28, 1.5)
  Unemployed 25 (76) 8 (24) 1.5 (0.51, 4.3) 1.05 (0.30, 3.7)
  Student/carer/home duties 95 (92) 8 (7.8) 0.39 (0.15, 1.04) 0.39 (0.14, 1.1)
Adverse life events 0-2 1,361 (86) 219 (14)   
  3-5 303 (85) 54 (15) 1.1 (0.72, 1.7) 1.1 (0.7, 1.7)
  >5 30 (68) 14 (32) 2.9 (1.2, 6.8)* 3.3 (1.2, 8.9)*
Perceived prosperity: Mean (SD) 3.20 (0.818) 3.14 (0.790) 0.91 (0.75, 1.1) 0.85 (0.67, 1.1)  
Community & social support: Mean (SD) 0.030 (0.676) -0.110 (0.718) 0.75 (0.60, 0.95)* 1.03 (0.77, 1.4)  
4. Mental health – a) current psychological distress & b) service use
K-10 category 10-15 1,254 (87) 184 (13)   
  16-24 351 (82) 76 (18) 1.5 (1.0, 2.2)* 1.2 (0.78, 1.9)
  25+ 89 (77) 27 (23) 2.1 (1.1, 3.8)* 1.45 (0.68, 3.1)
Contact with a mental health professional # No 1,366 (87) 212 (13)   
  Yes 328 (81) 75 (19) 1.5 (1.01, 2.2)* 1.2 (0.80, 1.9)
  1. AOR: Adjusted Odds Ratio; CI: Confidence Interval; K-10: Kessler 10 score of psychological distress (30-day); OR: Odds Ratio; # for a mental health problem in past 12 months. Due to rounding, row percentages may not add up to exactly 100%. * P < .01, ** P < .001.