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Table 3 Reliability of the Dutch 13-item PAM compared to the Danish and American version

From: Measuring patient activation in the Netherlands: translation and validation of the American short form Patient Activation Measure (PAM13)

    PAM13    95% CI PAM13 Danish PAM13 USA
  Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Overall   Overall Overall
Sample (N) 314 359 590 574 1837   344 454
Mean activation score 41.1 50.3 59.9 79.7 61.3 60.6-62.0 64.2 61.9
Gender         
 Male (N = 804) 12.6% 19.8% 32.6% 35.1% 62.9 61.8-63.9 63.8 60.2
 Female (N = 1033) 20.6% 19.4% 31.8% 28.3% 60.0 59.1-61.0 64.7 62.8
Age groups (years)         
 -54 (N = 625) 19.2% 18.1% 28.0% 34.7% 61.5 60.3-62.8 62.5 63.91
 55-64 (N = 476) 17.0% 17.2% 31.5% 34.2% 62.4 60.9-63.8 63.9 61.7
 65-74 (N = 428) 13.1% 25.0% 35.1% 26.9% 60.5 59.1-61.9 65.6 61.9
 75+ (N = 308) 18.5% 18.5% 37.3% 25.7% 60.0 58.3-61.7 56.6 58.21
Educational level         
 Low (N = 544) 19.5% 22.1% 36.0% 22.4% 58.42 57.2-59.7 65.03 58.54
 Middle (N = 731) 17.7% 18.7% 28.3% 35.3% 62.32 61.1-63.5 62.83 61.84
 High (N = 430) 12.8% 18.4% 34.7% 34.2% 62.52 61.1-63.9 65.43 61.64
Self-reported health         
 Excellent (N = 36) 5.6% 8.3% 25.0% 61.1% 74.2 68.2-80.2 76.3 68.7
 Very good (N = 195) 4.1% 9.7% 30.8% 55.4% 71.6 69.4-73.9 66.6 64.3
 Good (N = 1010) 12.4% 19.4% 34.8% 33.5% 62.3 61.4-63.2 62.6 59.3
 Fair (N = 525) 28.8% 23.2% 29.5% 18.5% 55.8 54.4-57.0 62.5 57.3
 Poor (N = 65) 36.9% 27.7% 21.5% 13.9% 52.6 49.4-55.8 57.4 54.3
  1. Only questionnaires with at least 7 items answered were included
  2. 1 Extreme age group was 45-54 and 75-84.
  3. 2 Education in the Netherlands was divided in three groups; low (no, primary school, or vocational training), middle (secondary or vocational education) or high (professional higher education or university).
  4. 3 Education in Danish analyses was categorised as: unskilled, short (1-3 years) and higher (>3 years).
  5. 4 Education in American analyses was categorised as: high school or less, some college and college graduate+.