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Table 5 Insomnia-related symptoms: associations with sociodemographic factors

From: Sociodemographic and socioeconomic differences in sleep duration and insomnia-related symptoms in Finnish adults

  Model 1 Adjusted for age and gender Model 2 Adjusted for age, gender, marital status, children and area Model 3 Adjusted for age, gender, marital status, children, area, education, parental education, employment status and income Model 4 Adjusted for age, gender, marital status, children, area, education, parental education, employment status, income and self-perceived health
  OR (95% CI) P-value OR (95% CI) P-value OR (95% CI) P-value OR (95% CI) P-value
MARITAL STATUS         
Occasional symptoms vs. Good sleepers         
 Married/living together 1   1   1   1  
 Single 1.23 (1.01, 1.51) 0.04 1.12 (0.91, 1.39) 0.28 1.06 (0.84, 1.33) 0.63 1.05 (0.84, 1.32) 0.66
 Divorced/separated 1.13 (0.90, 1.42) 0.29 1.08 (0.86, 1.36) 0.53 0.99 (0.78, 1.25) 0.92 0.97 (0.76, 1.23) 0.81
 Widowed 1.50 (1.13, 1.98) 0.005 1.52 (1.14, 2.01) 0.004 1.50 (1.14, 1.98) 0.004 1.54 (1.17, 2.03) 0.002
Frequent symptoms vs. Good sleepers         
 Married/living together 1   1   1   1  
 Single 1.08 (0.80, 1.44) 0.62 0.88 (0.65, 1.21) 0.44 0.75 (0.54, 1.04) 0.08 0.75 (0.55, 1.04) 0.08
 Divorced/separated 1.60 (1.20, 2.12) 0.001 1.46 (1.10, 1.91) 0.008 1.17 (0.87, 1.56) 0.30 1.06 (0.78, 1.45) 0.71
 Widowed 1.33 (1.00, 1.77) 0.05 1.38 (1.04, 1.83) 0.03 1.20 (0.88, 1.63) 0.26 1.24 (0.89, 1.72) 0.20
Global P-value 0.0004   0.0006   0.02   0.02  
n 5578   5568   5307   5300  
NUMBER OF CHILDREN         
Occasional symptoms vs. Good sleepers         
 No under 18 years old children 1   1   1   1  
 Under 7-year-olds 0.87 (0.65, 1.16) 0.35 0.89 (0.66, 1.19) 0.42 0.86 (0.61, 1.19) 0.36 0.89 (0.63, 1.24) 0.48
 7–17-year-olds 0.80 (0.66, 0.96) 0.02 0.82 (0.67, 1.00) 0.05 0.79 (0.64, 0.97) 0.02 0.79 (0.64, 0.97) 0.03
 Both 0.73 (0.53, 0.99) 0.04 0.74 (0.54, 1.03) 0.07 0.64 (0.45, 0.91) 0.01 0.68 (0.47, 0.97) 0.04
Frequent symptoms vs. Good sleepers         
 No under 18 years old children 1   1   1   1  
 Under 7-year-olds 0.31 (0.18, 0.53) <0.0001 0.31 (0.18, 0.53) <0.0001 0.27 (0.15, 0.48) <0.0001 0.30 (0.17, 0.54) 0.0001
 7–17-year-olds 0.68 (0.54, 0.86) 0.002 0.67 (0.52, 0.87) 0.002 0.65 (0.50, 0.86) 0.002 0.67 (0.51, 0.89) 0.005
 Both 0.51 (0.34, 0.77) 0.001 0.50 (0.33, 0.77) 0.002 0.42 (0.27, 0.66) 0.0002 0.49 (0.31, 0.78) 0.003
Global P-value <0.0001   0.0001   <0.0001   0.0002  
n 5568   5568   5307   5300  
RESIDENTIAL AREA         
Occasional symptoms vs. Good sleepers         
 Urban town 1   1   1   1  
 Densely populated municipality 0.97 (0.83, 1.15) 0.75 0.99 (0.83, 1.16) 0.86 0.99 (0.84, 1.17) 0.88 0.99 (0.84, 1.17) 0.94
 Rural municipality 0.97 (0.81, 1.15) 0.69 0.99 (0.83, 1.17) 0.89 0.95 (0.79, 1.15) 0.62 0.92 (0.77, 1.11) 0.39
Frequent symptoms vs. Good sleepers         
 Urban town 1   1   1   1  
 Densely populated municipality 0.92 (0.74, 1.15) 0.47 0.96 (0.77, 1.19) 0.69 0.86 (0.68, 1.09) 0.22 0.92 (0.71, 1.19) 0.53
 Rural municipality 0.99 (0.82, 1.18) 0.88 1.03 (0.86, 1.23) 0.75 0.96 (0.79, 1.17) 0.71 0.94 (0.75, 1.17) 0.59
Global P-value 0.94   0.98   0.77   0.87  
n 5578   5568   5307   5300