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Table 3 Sleep duration: associations with sociodemographic factors

From: Sociodemographic and socioeconomic differences in sleep duration and insomnia-related symptoms in Finnish adults

  Model 1 Adjusted for age and gender Model 2 Adjusted for age, gender, marital status, children and area Model 3 Adjusted for age, gender, marital status, children, area, education, parental education, employment status and income Model 4 Adjusted for age, gender, marital status, children, area, education, parental education, employment status, income and self-perceived health
  OR (95% CI) P-value OR (95% CI) P-value OR (95% CI) P-value OR (95% CI) P-value
MARITAL STATUS         
< 5 h vs. 7 h         
 Married/living together 1   1   1   1  
 Single 1.74 (1.15, 2.64) 0.009 1.68 (1.09, 2.58) 0.02 1.43 (0.89, 2.31) 0.14 1.45 (0.90, 2.36) 0.13
 Divorced/separated 1.76 (1.13, 2.72) 0.01 1.79 (1.16, 2.75) 0.009 1.82 (1.16, 2.86) 0.009 1.70 (1.06, 2.71) 0.03
 Widowed 1.22 (0.73, 2.03) 0.45 1.20 (0.72, 2.01) 0.49 1.23 (0.73, 2.08) 0.43 1.28 (0.76, 2.18) 0.35
5 h vs. 7 h         
 Married/living together 1   1   1   1  
 Single 1.13 (0.62, 2.03) 0.69 1.05 (0.56, 1.98) 0.88 0.91 (0.48, 1.72) 0.76 0.92 (0.48, 1.76) 0.80
 Divorced/separated 1.82 (1.11, 2.97) 0.02 1.80 (1.11, 2.92) 0.02 1.48 (0.89, 2.47) 0.13 1.28 (0.76, 2.13) 0.35
 Widowed 1.83 (1.07, 3.15) 0.03 1.82 (1.06, 3.14) 0.03 1.79 (1.02, 3.14) 0.04 1.91 (1.09, 3.36) 0.02
6 h vs. 7 h         
 Married/living together 1   1   1   1  
 Single 1.52 (1.13, 2.05) 0.006 1.48 (1.06, 2.08) 0.02 1.50 (1.07, 2.09) 0.02 1.50 (1.07, 2.10) 0.02
 Divorced/separated 1.73 (1.34, 2.23) <0.0001 1.70 (1.30, 2.21) 0.0001 1.66 (1.26, 2.17) 0.0003 1.66 (1.26, 2.18) 0.0003
 Widowed 1.49 (1.03, 2.16) 0.03 1.49 (1.03, 2.15) 0.04 1.37 (0.93, 2.02) 0.11 1.39 (0.95, 2.05) 0.09
8 h vs. 7 h         
 Married/living together 1   1   1   1  
 Single 0.99 (0.80, 1.23) 0.95 0.98 (0.78, 1.24) 0.88 0.91 (0.71, 1.15) 0.42 0.91 (0.71, 1.15) 0.41
 Divorced/separated 0.86 (0.70. 1.06) 0.16 0.86 (0.70, 1.07) 0.18 0.86 (0.68, 1.09) 0.21 0.87 (0.69, 1.10) 0.24
 Widowed 0.90 (0.67, 1.22) 0.50 0.89 (0.66, 1.20) 0.44 0.87 (0.63, 1.20) 0.39 0.89 (0.64, 1.22) 0.46
9 h vs. 7 h         
 Married/living together 1   1   1   1  
 Single 1.35 (0.99, 1.84) 0.06 1.36 (0.98, 1.88) 0.07 1.09 (0.76, 1.56) 0.63 1.09 (0.76, 1.56) 0.65
 Divorced/separated 1.05 (0.74, 1.49) 0.78 1.09 (0.76, 1.55) 0.64 1.04 (0.72, 1.52) 0.83 1.04 (0.71, 1.51) 0.85
 Widowed 0.71 (0.41, 1.23) 0.23 0.64 (0.37, 1.11) 0.11 0.57 (0.32, 1.03) 0.06 0.59 (0.33, 1.05) 0.07
≥ 10 h vs. 7 h         
 Married/living together 1   1   1   1  
 Single 2.33 (1.51, 3.58) 0.0001 2.04 (1.30, 3.22) 0.002 1.63 (1.01, 2.66) 0.05 1.66 (1.03, 2.70) 0.04
 Divorced/separated 1.66 (0.99, 2.77) 0.05 1.62 (0.96, 2.73) 0.07 1.51 (0.86, 2.63) 0.15 1.45 (0.83, 2.54) 0.19
 Widowed 0.88 (0.45, 1.74) 0.72 0.82 (0.41, 1.64) 0.57 0.85 (0.42, 1.73) 0.66 0.87 (0.42, 1.77) 0.69
Global P-value <0.0001   <0.0001   <0.0001   0.0001  
n 5578   5568   5307   5300  
NUMBER OF CHILDREN         
< 5 h vs. 7 h         
 No under 18 years old children 1   1   1   1  
 Under 7-year-olds 0.77 (0.34, 1.74) 0.53 0.94 (0.41, 2.14) 0.89 0.98 (0.40, 2.38) 0.96 1.04 (0.43, 2.48) 0.93
 7–17-year-olds 0.75 (0.49, 1.16) 0.19 0.84 (0.54, 1.29) 0.42 0.83 (0.51, 1.33) 0.44 0.83 (0.52, 1.34) 0.45
 Both 0.70 (0.32, 1.52) 0.37 0.83 (0.38, 1.81) 0.64 0.83 (0.36, 1.91) 0.67 0.91 (0.40, 2.08) 0.82
5 h vs. 7 h         
 No under 18 years old children 1   1   1   1  
 Under 7-year-olds 0.14 (0.02, 1.15) 0.07 0.15 (0.02, 1.23) 0.08 0.13 (0.02, 1.04) 0.05 0.14 (0.02, 1.10) 0.06
 7–17-year-olds 0.80 (0.46, 1.39) 0.43 0.80 (0.45, 1.43) 0.46 0.70 (0.39, 1.26) 0.24 0.71 (0.40, 1.29) 0.26
 Both 1.35 (0.63, 2.92) 0.44 1.38 (0.62, 3.07) 0.43 1.12 (0.51, 2.45) 0.78 1.25 (0.56, 2.76) 0.58
6 h vs. 7 h         
 No under 18 years old children 1   1   1   1  
 Under 7-year-olds 0.83 (0.55, 1.25) 0.37 0.99 (0.63, 1.53) 0.95 0.92 (0.57, 1.49) 0.73 0.94 (0.58, 1.53) 0.82
 7–17-year-olds 0.86 (0.66, 1.11) 0.24 0.96 (0.72, 1.28) 0.79 0.86 (0.62, 1.18) 0.35 0.86 (0.62, 1.19) 0.37
 Both 0.75 (0.47, 1.18) 0.22 0.88 (0.54, 1.43) 0.60 0.79 (0.47, 1.33) 0.37 0.82 (0.48, 1.38) 0.44
8 h vs. 7 h         
 No under 18 years old children 1   1   1   1  
 Under 7-year-olds 1.07 (0.82, 1.40) 0.60 1.06 (0.80, 1.40) 0.70 0.87 (0.65, 1.17) 0.36 0.88 (0.66, 1.18) 0.39
 7–17-year-olds 0.95 (0.81, 1.12) 0.56 0.94 (0.79, 1.11) 0.44 0.87 (0.73, 1.05) 0.16 0.88 (0.73, 1.06) 0.16
 Both 1.01 (0.78, 1.30) 0.93 0.99 (0.76, 1.30) 0.95 0.83 (0.63, 1.10) 0.20 0.84 (0.63, 1.12) 0.23
9 h vs. 7 h         
No under 18 years old children 1   1   1   1  
 Under 7-year-olds 1.26 (0.84, 1.91) 0.26 1.44 (0.93, 2.25) 0.10 0.88 (0.55, 1.42) 0.60 0.89 (0.56, 1.44) 0.64
 7–17-year-olds 0.76 (0.55, 1.04) 0.08 0.82 (0.59, 1.14) 0.23 0.80 (0.56, 1.15) 0.23 0.81 (0.56, 1.15) 0.24
 Both 1.03 (0.66, 1.60) 0.89 1.15 (0.73, 1.80) 0.54 0.84 (0.51, 1.38) 0.49 0.86 (0.53, 1.41) 0.55
≥ 10 h vs. 7 h         
No under 18 years old children 1   1   1   1  
 Under 7–year-olds 0.45 (0.16, 1.27) 0.13 0.59 (0.20, 1.68) 0.32 0.23 (0.06, 0.80) 0.02 0.25 (0.07, 0.88) 0.03
 7–17-year-olds 0.59 (0.35, 0.99) 0.05 0.68 (0.40, 1.15) 0.15 0.75 (0.43, 1.33) 0.33 0.76 (0.44, 1.32) 0.33
 Both 0.44 (0.15, 1.29) 0.13 0.54 (0.18, 1.65) 0.28 0.34 (0.11, 1.03) 0.06 0.39 (0.13, 1.19) 0.10
Global P-value 0.09   0.45   0.52   0.59  
n 5568   5568   5307   5300  
RESIDENTIAL AREA         
< 5 h vs. 7 h         
 Urban town 1   1   1   1  
 Densely populated municipality 1.30 (0.94, 1.79) 0.11 1.35 (0.98, 1.87) 0.07 1.32 (0.94, 1.85) 0.11 1.37 (0.96, 1.95) 0.08
 Rural municipality 1.30 (0.94, 1.80) 0.11 1.34 (0.96, 1.86) 0.08 1.26 (0.88, 1.81) 0.21 1.28 (0.90, 1.81) 0.17
5 h vs. 7 h         
 Urban town 1   1   1   1  
 Densely populated municipality 1.20 (0.82, 1.75) 0.36 1.28 (0.87, 1.88) 0.21 1.10 (0.76, 1.58) 0.62 1.18 (0.81, 1.71) 0.39
 Rural municipality 1.35 (0.86, 2.11) 0.19 1.38 (0.89, 2.15) 0.15 1.29 (0.82, 2.03) 0.27 1.27 (0.80, 2.02) 0.31
6 h vs. 7 h         
 Urban town 1   1   1   1  
 Densely populated municipality 0.88 (0.62, 1.24) 0.47 0.92 (0.65, 1.30) 0.63 0.87 (0.62, 1.23) 0.43 0.87 (0.61, 1.23) 0.43
 Rural municipality 1.03 (0.83, 1.28) 0.80 1.06 (0.85, 1.31) 0.60 1.00 (0.79, 1.26) 0.98 0.99 (0.79, 1.25) 0.95
8 h vs. 7 h         
 Urban town 1   1   1   1  
 Densely populated municipality 1.13 (0.96, 1.32) 0.13 1.13 (0.97, 1.33) 0.13 1.09 (0.93, 1.28) 0.28 1.09 (0.93, 1.28) 0.30
 Rural municipality 1.10 (0.97, 1.25) 0.14 1.09 (0.96, 1.24) 0.16 1.09 (0.94, 1.25) 0.27 1.08 (0.94, 1.25) 0.28
9 h vs. 7 h         
 Urban town 1   1   1   1  
 Densely populated municipality 1.05 (0.75, 1.47) 0.77 1.09 (0.78, 1.52) 0.63 0.93 (0.65, 1.32) 0.69 0.91 (0.63, 1.31) 0.61
 Rural municipality 1.24 (0.98, 1.58) 0.07 1.26 (0.98, 1.61) 0.07 1.17 (0.91, 1.51) 0.22 1.16 (0.90, 1.50) 0.26
≥ 10 h vs. 7 h         
 Urban town 1   1   1   1  
 Densely populated municipality 1.47 (1.02, 2.12) 0.04 1.55 (1.06, 2.28) 0.02 1.53 (1.01, 2.29) 0.04 1.59 (1.06, 2.40) 0.02
 Rural municipality 1.64 (1.09, 2.47) 0.02 1.74 (1.17, 2.59) 0.006 1.45 (0.96, 2.20) 0.08 1.45 (0.95, 2.20) 0.08
Global P-value 0.06   0.03   0.09   0.03  
n 5578   5568   5307   5300