Skip to main content

Table 2 Social and economic characteristics of cases and controls with TB, stratified by patient category, South Africa, 2002

From: Patient- and provider-level risk factors associated with default from tuberculosis treatment, South Africa, 2002: a case-control study

   New TB Patient (N = 926) Re-treatment TB Patient (N = 236) Combined
   Cases (160) Controls (766) OR (95% CI) Cases (71) Controls (165) OR (95% CI) OR*(95% CI) AOR† (95% CI)
Characteristic n/N % n/N %   n/N % n/N %    
Country of birth RSA 159/160 99 745/766 97 4.5 (0.7-186) 71/71 10 163/164 99 n/a 5.6 (0.9-231) 4.9 (0.7-36)
  Outside RSA 1/160 1 21/766 3   0/71 0 1/164 1    
Practices religion Yes 148/160 93 687/758 91 1.3 (0.7-9) 63/71 89 151/162 93 0.6 (0.2-1.7) 1.0 (0.6-1.8) 1.0 (0.6-1.7)
  No 12/160 7 71/758 8   8/71 11 11/162 7    
Race Black 129/159 81 661/762 86 0.7 (0.4-1.1) 57/71 80 129/164 79 1.1 (0.5-2.4) 0.7 (0.5-1.1) 0.8 (0.5-1.1)
  Other 30/159 19 101/762 14   14/71 20 35/164 21    
Marital status Married or permanent relationship 50/158 32 266/763 35 0.9 (0.6-1.3) 23/71 32 61/164 37 0.8 (0.4-1.5) 0.9 (0.6-1.2) 0.8 (0.6-1.2)
  Single 108/158 68 497/763 65   48/71 68 103/164 63    
Biological children No children 31/157 20 147/761 19 1.0 (0.6-1.6) 21/70 30 31/164 19 1.8 (0.9-3.7) 1.2 (0.9-1.8) 1.2 (0.9-1.7)
  ≥ 1 child 126/157 80 614/761 81   49/70 70 133/164 81    
Formal Education None 22/160 14 61/762 8 1.8 (1.0-3.1) 5/70 7 17/164 10 0.7 (0.2-2.0) 1.4 (0.9-2.3) 1.4 (0.9-2.3)
  Some 138/160 86 701/762 92   65/70 93 147/164 90    
Owns a house Yes 81/157 52 386/759 51 1.0 (0.7-1.5) 37/71 52 89/164 54 0.9 (0.5-1.6) 1.0 (0.7-1.5) 1.0 (0.7-1.3)
  No 76/157 48 373/759 49   34/71 48 75/164 46    
Owns cattle Yes 10/157 6 31/755 4 1.6 (0.7-3.4) 2/71 3 9/164 3 0.5 (0.05-2.5) 1.2 (0.6-2.4) 1.2 (0.6-2.3)
  No 147/157 94 724/755 96   9/71 97 155/164 97    
Owns radio Yes 111/158 70 500/759 66 1.2 (0.8-1.8) 45/71 63 115/164 70 0.7 (0.4-1.4) 1.1 (0.8-1.5) 1.1 (0.7-1.5)
  No 47/158 30 259/759 34   26/71 27 49/164 30    
Changed residence during TB treatment Yes 22/158 14 49/756 6 2.3 (1.3-4.1) 16/71 23 12/165 7 3.7 (1.5-9.1) 2.8 (1.8-4.2) 2.7 (1.7-4.2)
  No 136/158 86 707/756 94   55/71 77 153/165 93    
Employed Yes 81/157 52 386/759 51 1.0 (0.7-1.5) 37/71 52 89/164 54 0.9 (0.5-1.6) 1.0 (0.7-1.4) 1.0 (0.7-1.3)
  No 76/157 48 373/759 49   34/71 48 75/164 46    
Type of employment Laborer 29/83 35 88/370 24 1.7 (1.0-2.9) 13/38 34 19/81 23 1.7 (0.7-1.3) 1.7 (0.6-4.3) 1.7 (1.1-2.6)
  Other 54/83 65 282/370 76   25/38 66 62/81 77    
Missed treatment due to employment Yes 39/85 46 16/381 4 19 (9.6-40) 14/40 35 4/80 5 10 (2.8-45) 16 (9-31) 16 (9-29)
  No 46/85 54 365/381 96   26/40 65 76/80 95    
In prison during treatment Yes 7/156 5 25/748 3 1.4 (0.5-3.3) 6/71 8 11/165 7 1.3 (0.4-4.0) 1.5 (0.7-2.9) 1.3 (0.7-2.6)
  No 149/156 95 723/748 97   65/71 92 154/165 93    
  1. *Combined bivariate odds ratio
  2. † Odds ratio adjusted for patient category