Skip to main content

Table 5 Similarity and differences in physical and mental status among the two categories of adolescents in institutional care in Nigeria

From: Different Points of a Continuum? Cross Sectional Comparison of the Current and Pre-contact Psychosocial Problems among the Different Categories of Adolescents in Institutional Care in Nigeria

Variable Adolescents on Criminal Code (N = 158) Cases of Child/Adolescent Neglect (N = 53) OR (95% CI) χ2 p
Anthropometric profile      
Mean weight (Kg) 49.77 ± 5.41 34.93 ± 8.63 -------- 6.3* 0.01
Mean height (Metres) 1.52 ± 0.21 1.43 ± 0.11 ------- 1.6* 0.04
Mean body mass index (Kg/m2) 16.34 ± 0.33 15.85 ± 1.71 -------- 7.7* 0.03
Neurological Profile      
Handedness (Right Vs. Left) 150 (95) 43 (93)# 1.7 (0.2 - 4.21) 0.3 0.88
Neurological deficits 1 (0.6) 12 (23) 0.03 (0.01- 0.09) ---- 0.01**
Epilepsy 0 (0.0) 13 (25) 0.02 (0.01- 0.07) ----- 0.003**
Common Mental Health Problems      
Disruptive behaviour disorders 100 (63) 18 (39)# 2.6 (1.3 – 5.3) 10.8 0.003
Alcohol & substance abuse 96 (61) 5 (11)# 16.2 (5.6- 47.6) 23.8 <0.001
Multiple traumatic events+ 43 (27.2) 12 (26) # 1.2 (0.8 – 1.9) 1.22 0. 43
Posttraumatic stress disorder 20 (13) 10 (22)# 0.52 (0.22- 1.29) 2.34 0.12
  1. *Student t-test.
  2. **Fisher’s exact statistic.
  3. # n = 46.
  4. + Lifetime exposure to at least 3 different childhood traumatic events among the following: car or other accidents, being in a fire, witnessing a disaster, witnessing or being the victim of a violent crime, being confronted with traumatic news, sexual abuse.