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Table 4 Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for reporting self-rated health as good or better (n = 3,644)

From: Associations between fruit and vegetable intake, leisure-time physical activity, sitting time and self-rated health among older adults: cross-sectional data from the WELL study

   Bivariate model Multivariate modela
   OR(CI) OR(CI)
Variable Level Women Men Women Men
F&V (servings/day) 1.15 (1.11-1.20) 1.16 (1.11-1.21) 1.09 (1.04-1.14) 1.10 (1.05-1.16)
LTPA (MET-hours/day) 1.15 (1.11-1.20) 1.16 (1.12-1.21) 1.08 (1.04-1.12) 1.10 (1.06-1.14)
ST (hours/day) 0.95 (0.92-0.98) 0.94 (0.91-0.97) 0.98 (0.95-1.02) 0.96 (0.93-1.00)
Body Mass Index < 25 kg/m2 1 1 1 1
(BMI) 25–29.9 kg/m2 0.63 (0.52-0.77) 0.77 (0.62-0.96) 0.70 (0.56-0.86) 0.84 (0.66-1.06)
  ≥ 30 kg/m2 0.35 (0.28-0.44) 0.28 (0.21-0.36) 0.54 (0.42-0.70) 0.36 (0.27-0.47)
Smoking habits Never smoker 1 1 1 1
  Former smoker 0.86 (0.71-1.04) 0.68 (0.56-0.83) 0.99 (0.81-1.22) 0.79 (0.64-0.98)
  Daily smoker 0.44 (0.33-0.59) 0.33 (0.25-0.43) 0.65 (0.47-0.89) 0.48 (0.35-0.65)
Education Up to 10 years 1 1 1 1
  12 years/trade/certificate 1.14 (0.93-1.39) 1.37 (1.11-1.69) 1.01 (0.82-1.25) 1.12 (0.89-1.41)
  University 1.98 (1.58-2.48) 2.38 (1.88-3.01) 1.42 (1.11-1.82) 1.54 (1.19-2.00)
Marital status Married/cohabiting 1 1 1 1
  Separated/widowed 0.74 (0.59-0.93) 0.69 (0.52-0.91) 0.93 (0.73-1.18) 0.78 (0.57-1.08)
  Single 0.54 (0.35-0.84) 0.59 (0.41-0.86) 0.63 (0.38-1.05) 0.55 (0.37-0.82)
Housing tenure Renter/boarder 1 1 1 1
  Purchaser 2.14 (1.51-3.03) 1.79 (1.28-2.51) 1.73 (1.19-2.52) 1.11 (0.76-1.62)
  Owner 2.30 (1.69-3.12) 1.94 (1.44-2.61) 1.59 (1.14-2.23) 1.14 (0.81-1.58)
Long-term illness No 1 1 1 1
  Yes 0.12 (0.09-0.16) 0.13 (0.10-0.17) 0.16 (0.12-0.21) 0.17 (0.13-0.23)
  1. Note a Multivariate model – adjusted for all the independent variables (including F&V, LTPA and ST) simultaneously.