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Table 1 Mean and distribution of the individual variables (percentages)

From: Associations between fruit and vegetable intake, leisure-time physical activity, sitting time and self-rated health among older adults: cross-sectional data from the WELL study

Variables Total Women Men P-valuea
Sample size (n) 3,644 1,892 1,752  
Mean age 60.2 60.2 60.2 0.865
(SD) (3.2) (3.2) (3.1)
Self-rated health (%)     0.004
Very good/excellent 48.4 51.0 45.8  
Good 39.9 38.5 41.3  
Fair/poor 11.7 10.5 12.9  
Body mass index (BMI) (%)     < 0.001
< 25 kg/m2 36.2 43.5 28.3  
25–29.9 kg/m2 39.8 32.8 47.5  
≥ 30 kg/m2 24.0 23.7 24.3  
Smoking habits (%)     < 0.001
Never smoker 50.2 56.4 43.5  
Former smoker 37.8 32.9 43.2  
Daily smoker 12.0 10.7 13.3  
Education (%)     < 0.001
Up to 10 years 36.1 40.3 31.7  
12 years/trade/certificate 35.9 32.4 39.7  
University degree 27.9 27.3 28.6  
Marital status (%)     < 0.001
Married/cohabiting 78.8 75.2 82.7  
Separated/widowed 16.1 20.5 11.3  
Single 5.1 4.3 6.0  
Housing tenure (%)     0.448
Owner 69.0 69.9 68.1  
Purchaser 20.6 19.8 21.4  
Renter/boarder 10.4 10.3 10.5  
Long- term illness (%)     
No 78.8 79.8 77.9 0.160
Yes 21.2 20.2 22.1  
  1. Note a Statistical differences by sex: One-way ANOVA and Chi-square test.