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Table 3 Sequential linear regression models predicting screen time

From: Associations between factors within the home setting and screen time among children aged 0–5 years: a cross-sectional study

  0- to 5-year-olds (N = 746) 0- to 3-year-olds (N = 291) 4- to 5-year-olds (N = 455)
  β 95% CI R2(Unique) β 95% CI R2(Unique) β 95% CI R2(Unique)
Intrapersonal Factors (Step 1)          
 Age 0.09* 0.07, 0.11 0.166 0.22* 0.17, 0.28 0.251 0.03 <−0.01, 0.05 0.005
Interpersonal Factors          
Family Demographics (Step 2)    0.081    0.076    .114
 Siblings 0.07 −0.50, 0.65   −0.36 −1.21, 0.49   0.16 −0.46, 0.77  
 Education −0.60* −0.89, -0.31   −0.65* −1.13, -0.17   −0.54* −0.87, -0.22  
 Income −0.49* −0.70, -0.27   −0.51* −0.85, -0.18   −0.55* −0.79, -0.30  
 Family Structure −0.69 −1.51, 0.13   −1.11 −2.15, 0.23   −0.54 −1.34, 0.26  
Parental Cognitions (Step 3)    0.379    0.416    0.335
 Self-efficacy −0.38* −0.64, -0.11   −0.24 −0.70, 0.21   −0.52* −0.87, -0.16  
 Attitudes 1.68* 1.19, 2.17   2.20* 1.52, 2.59   0.87* 0.15, 1.60  
 Barriers 0.99* 0.57, 1.42   0.80* 0.21, 1.39   0.90* 0.37, 1.42  
 Descriptive Norms 1.16* 0.97, 1.35   1.08* 0.75, 1.40   1.19* 0.99, 1.40  
Parental Behavior (Step 4)    0.007    <0.001    0.029
 Parental Screen Time 0.13* 0.07, 0.19   0.07 −0.04, 0.17   0.21* 0.13, 0.29  
    0.009       
 Television in Bedroom 1.02* 0.45, 1.58   0.83 −0.2, 1.87 0.008 0.98* 0.27, 1.68 0.018
 Video Games in bedroom 0.82 −0.16, 1.80   5.14* 3.79, 6.51   0.85 −0.11, 1.81  
  1. The screen time dependent variable was square root transformed.
  2. B = Unstandardized beta coefficient; 95% CI = 95% confidence interval; R2 = adjusted R-square; * P ≤ 0.05.
  3. Total model R 2 = 0.642 for 0- to 5-year-olds, 0.751 for 0- to 3-year-olds, and 0.501 for 4- to 5-year-olds.