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Table 6 Multivariate associations between physical and psychosocial work-environment factors and self-rated health

From: Physical and psychosocial work environment factors and their association with health outcomes in Danish ambulance personnel – a cross-sectional study

    Self-rated Health
Model 1 Model 2
Demographics
Sex Men Ref 1.00 1.00
  Women   1.45 (0.89–2.37) 1.55 (0.92–2.62)
Age    1.03 (1.02–1.05) 1.04 (1.03–1.06)
Psychosocial work environment factors
Quantitative Demands Low Ref 1.00 1.00
  High   1.43 (1.01–2.02) 1.20 (0.82–1.77)
Work pace Low Ref 1.00 1.00
  High   0.96 (0.76–1.20) 0.96 (0.74–1.24)
Emotional Demands Low Ref 1.00 1.00
  High   1.34 (1.04–1.73) 1.25 (0.94–1.66)
Influence at work Low Ref 1.00 1.00
  High   0.62 (0.44–0.88) 0.68 (0.47–0.99)
Meaning of work Low Ref 1.00 1.00
  High   0.61 (0.48–0.76) 0.72 (0.55–0.93)
Involvement in workplace Low Ref 1.00 1.00
  High   0.87 (0.63–1.19) 1.33 (0.92–1.92)
Role clarity Low Ref 1.00 1.00
  High   0.65 (0.51–0.83) 0.88 (0.66–1.18)
Predictability Low Ref 1.00 1.00
  High   0.73 (0.59–0.92) 1.07 (0.81–1–41)
Vertical trust Low Ref 1.00 1.00
  High   0.56 (0.45–0.71) 0.74 (0.55–0.99)
Justice and respect Low Ref 1.00 1.00
  High   0.58 (0.46–0.72) 0.77 (0.57–1–03)
Possibilities of development Low Ref 1.00 1.00
  High   0.62 (0.49–0.78) 0.77 (0.59–0.99)
Physical work environment factors (daily exposure yes/no)
Lift very heavy loads (more than 20 kg)? No Ref 1.00 1.00
  Yes   1.13 (0.83–1.53) 0.84 (0.59–1.20)
Lift in an awkward posture? No Ref 1.00 1.00
  Yes   1.50 (1.18–1.92) 1.34 (0.96–1.87)
Not enough room around you to perform your work properly? No Ref 1.00 1.00
  Yes   1.33 (1.05–1.68) 0.93 (0.66–1.30)
Perform short, but maximal force-exertions? No Ref 1.00 1.00
  Yes   1.20 (0.96–1.51) 1.07 (0.80–1.42)
Lift a load that is hard to hold? No Ref 1.00 1.00
  Yes   1.38 (1.10–1.73) 1.05 (0.78–1.42)
Make sudden, unexpected movements? No Ref 1.00 1.00
  Yes   1.27 (1.01–1.59) 1.08 (0.80–1.45)
Difficulty in exerting enough force because of uncomfortable postures? No Ref 1.00 1.00
  Yes   1.27 (1.01–1.60) 0.92 (0.66–1.30)
Not enough room above you to perform your work properly? No Ref 1.00 1.00
  Yes   1.32 (1.04–1.67) 1.13 (0.83–1.53)
Too few facilities to lean on during work? No Ref 1.00 1.00
  Yes   1.22 (0.95–1.57) 1.01 (0.73–1.39)
Slip or fall during your work? No Ref 1.00 1.00
  Yes   1.83 (1.02–3.32) 1.36 (0.70–2.62)
Hosmer Lemeshow Goodness of fit     Chi2 = 1517
p = 0.242
Nagelkerke Pseudo R2     0.13
Model 1: Adjusted for sex, age, Body Mass Index, Physical Activity, Marital status & Alcohol consumption.     
Model 2: Model 1 adjusted for all other physical and psychosocial work environment indicators.     
  1. Logistic regression. Odds ratios with 95% Confidence Intervals.