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Table 3 Respondent’s knowledge of risk factors and signs and symptoms of bowel cancer

From: Colorectal cancer screening knowledge, attitudes and behavioural intention among Indigenous Western Australians

Knowledge Item (n) % Yes or Agree^
Risk Factors
Being overweight (91) 82.4
Both men and women are at risk of bowel cancer (93) 80.6
Smoking (91) 80.2
Having other types of bowel disease (92) 77.2
Diet can contribute to bowel cancer (93) 76.3
Low levels of physical activity (92) 75.0
History of polyps (93) 74.2
Risk increases with age (92) 72.8
Drinking too much alcohol (93) 69.9
Both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people are at similar risk (93) 69.0
Risk increases if a close relative has bowel cancer (93) 55.9
Signs and Symptoms
Bleeding from the bowels (93) 87.1
Change in bowel habits such as diarrhoea/constipation (92) 76.1
Loss of weight for no reason (91) 76.0
Persistent abdominal pain/cramps (93) 75.3
Unexplained tiredness or weakness (91) 71.4
Loss of appetite (92) 67.4
Bowel cancer can be present without any symptoms (92) 56.5
  1. FOBT- faecal occult blood test.
  2. ^Percentage calculated from valid responses.