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Table 1 Descriptive information for each study included in meta-analysis※

From: Factors associated with suicidal behaviors in mainland China: a meta-analysis

Studies Study type Sampling size Study population Gender Residence Years of data collection Outcome
Zhang 1999[6] CS 84767 16-78 years old Female/male Rural/urban 1989-1994 Complete suicide
Kong 2010[7] CC 370/370 The suicides(45.30 ± 12.88)/living controls (35.03 ± 12.6) Female/male Rural 2005-2008 Complete suicide
Phillips 2002[8] CC 519/536 The suicides/other injuries (>10 years) Female/male Rural/urban 1998-2000 Complete suicide
Li 2005[9] CS 1653 Adolescents Female/male Rural/urban 1995-1999 Complete suicide
Zhang 2003[10] CS 1421 Adolescents Male/female Suicide ideation
Liu 2007[12] CS 1933 Adolescents Male/female Rural/urban Suicide ideation
Ou 2008[13] CS 698 College Students Male/female Rural/urban 2005 Suicide ideation
Ma 2003[17] CS 853 Adolescents Male/female Urban Suicide ideation
Fan 2008[18] CS 2160 College Students Male/female Rural/urban Suicide ideation
Zhang 2007[11] CS 1294 Adolescents Male/female Urban Suicide ideation
Zeng 2005[19] CS 427 College Students Male/female Rural/urban 2003 Suicide ideation
Li 2009[20] CY 2,012 Community members (>18 years) Male/female Rural/urban 2004 Suicide ideation
Yang 2008[21] CS 8315 Adolescents Male/female Rural 2006 Suicide ideation,
suicide attempt
Pan 2006[22] CS 5169 Adolescents Male/female Rural/urban 2004 Suicide ideation
Chen 2006[23] CS 7422 College Students Male/female Rural/urban Suicide ideation
Yang 2007[24] CS 3568 College Students Male/female Rural/urban 2006 Suicide ideation
Duan 2008[25] CS 5,640 Community members (32–64 years) Male/female Suicide ideation, Suicide attempt
Hou 2010[26] CS 239 Suicide-attempt cases(>15 years) Male/female 2007-2008 Suicide ideation
Sun 2010[27] CS 20716 Community members, >18 years Male/female Rural/urban 2004-2005 Suicide attempt
Bao 2009[28] CS 1529 College Students Male/female Rural/urban Suicide ideation
Juan 2010[29] CS 4644 Adolescents Male/female Urban 2004 Suicide ideation, suicide attempt
Niu 2006[30] CS 2,914 Patients without psychopathic problem in hospital (>15 years) Male/female Rural/urban 2003-2004 Suicide ideation, suicide attempt
Tian 2010[31] CS 974 Researcher(34 ± 8) Male/female Suicide ideation
Sun 2008[32] CS 943 Migrants Male/female Suicide ideation, suicide attempt
Li 2004[33] CS 2032 Students in technical school Male/female Rural/urban Suicide attempt
Yu 2004[34] CS 1952 Adolescents Male/female Rural Suicide ideation, suicide attempt
Xing 2005[35] CS 4622 Adolescents Male/female 2002 Suicide ideation
Gao 2001[36] CS 2044 Adolescents Male/female Rural/urban 1998 Suicide ideation, suicide attempt
Zhuang 2007[37] CS 3798 Adolescents Male/female urban Suicide ideation, suicide attempt
Huang 2000[38] CS 2467 Adolescents Male/female Suicide ideation
Zeng 2009[39] CS 490 College Students Male/female Rural/urban Suicide ideation
Yan 2009[40] CS 772 College Students Male/female After 2007 Suicide ideation
Shang 2008[41] CS 2678 College Students Male/female Rural/urban 2006 Suicide ideation, suicide attempt
Lin 2005[42] CS 1100 College Students Male/female Suicide ideation
Zhu 2006[43] CS 1765 College Students Male/female 2004 Suicide ideation
Xu 2004[44] CS 610 College Students Male/female Rural/urban Suicide ideation
Zhou 2005[45] CS 337 Adolescents Male/female Rural 2004 Suicide ideation
Jiang 2006[46] CS 1514 Adolescents Male/female Rural/urban Suicide ideation
Zhang 2009[47] CS 15, 000 residents, Male/female Rural 2001 Suicide ideation
Feng 2006[48] CS 2584 Adolescents Male/female urban 2004 Suicide ideation, suicide attempt
Sun 2007[49] CS 1,021 Rural female(15–39 years) female Rural Suicide ideation
Huan 2004[50] CC 100/100 Suicide-attempt cases/injured by accidents Male/female Rural/urban 2002 Suicide attempt
Yang 2008[51] CC 22/23 The suicide(43.1 years)/other injuries(48.2 years) Female/male Rural 1998-1999 Complete suicide
  1. ※: CC refers to case–control study; CS refers to cross-sectional study.