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Table 5 Predictors of stigma and discrimination measured by fear-driven stigma and unofficial disclosure dimensions, Jimma zone, Southwest Ethiopia, 2011(n = 255)

From: Stigma and discrimination against people living with HIV by healthcare providers, Southwest Ethiopia

Predictors Lack of feelings of safety Discomfort around PLHIV Unofficial Disclosure
  Std ß 95%CI for B Std ß 95%CI for B Std ß 95%CI for ß
   Lower bound Upper bound   Lower bound Upper bound   Lower bound Upper bound
Basic HIV knowledge −0.76** −0.98 −0.54 ®NI ® NI
In-depth HIV knowledge −0.12* −0.49 −0.01 −0.45 −0.69 −0.22 ®NI
Protocol −0.12* −0.24 −0.00 −0.11 −0.24 0.02 −0.15* −0.28 −0.01
Supply −0.11 −0.22 0.01 −0.26** −0.38 −0.13 ®NI
Policy −0.13* −0.24 −0.02 ®NI ®NI
High HIV Caseload −0.15* −0.61 −0.08 ®NI ®NI
iDegree and above ®NI −0.15* −0.58 −0.08 ®NI
Training ®NI −0.05 −0.35 0.15 −0.17** −0.63 −0.08
+Income 2250 and higher 0.13* 0.05 0.57 ®NI ®NI
Very religious ®NI 0.03 −0.22 0.38 0.20** 0.15 0.81
Somewhat religious ®NI −0.06 −0.42 0.15 0.27** 0.30 0.91
ART service present ®NI −0.06 −0.39 0.13 ®NI
Adj R2 0.217 0.125 0.123
  1. * significant at 0.05 level ** significant at 0.01 level iThe comparative group was diploma and certificate.
  2. + The baseline was income of 1233 Eth. Birr or less ®NI: not included in the final model.
  3. NB: Negative values of std β (standardized beta) show that the corresponding factors are the negative predictors for stigma and discrimination, whereas the positive values indicate that the factors are positive predictors.