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Table 3 Perceived need to increase physical activity levels (PAL) by physical activity awareness categories, odds ratios (OR), 95% confidence intervals (CI), and  p  -values by sex

From: Perceived need to increase physical activity levels among adults at high risk of type 2 diabetes. A cross-sectional analysis within a community-based diabetes prevention project FIN-D2D

  Men Women
  OR 95% CI  p  OR 95% CI  p 
Realistic active1 1.00    1.00   
Overestimators2 1.51 (1.06-2.17) 0.024 1.79 (1.35-2.37) <0.001
Realistic inactive3 7.14 (5.38-9.48) <0.001 7.86 (6.37-9.70) <0.001
Underestimators4 4.23 (2.92-6.14) <0.001 4.68 (3.57-6.13) <0.001
  1. 1 Defined as physically active (≥30 min 3 times a week) and perceiving PAL as sufficient.
  2. 2 Defined as physically inactive (<30 min 3 times a week), but perceiving PAL as sufficient.
  3. 3 Defined as inactive and perceiving PAL as insufficient.
  4. 4 Defined as active, but perceiving PAL as insufficient.