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Table 2 Multivariable logistic regression model for perceived need to increase physical activity levels (PAL) among adults at high risk of diabetes (n = 7 128) by selected variables

From: Perceived need to increase physical activity levels among adults at high risk of type 2 diabetes. A cross-sectional analysis within a community-based diabetes prevention project FIN-D2D

  Men Women
  OR (95% CI)  p  OR (95% CI)  p 
Age (years)       
 <45 1.00    1.00   
 45-54 1.05 (0.65-1.66) 0.892 0.79 (0.55-1.15) 0.213
 55-64 0.68 (0.41-1.12) 0.132 0.76 (0.51-1.14) 0.187
 ≥65 0.90 (0.51-1.58) 0.714 0.69 (0.44-1.08) 0.101
Marital status       
 Married/cohabiting 1.00    1.00   
 Other 0.95 (0.68-1.32) 0.771 0.95 (0.75-1.20) 0.665
Educational level       
 High 1.00    1.00   
 Intermediate 0.63 (0.35-1.13) 0.118 1.46 (1.01-2.09) 0.042
 Low 0.60 (0.33-1.09) 0.092 1.49 (1.01-2.19) 0.043
Occupational status       
 Non-manual work 1.00    1.00   
 Manual work 0.91 (0.62-1.33) 0.628 0.78 (0.54-1.15) 0.209
 Retired 0.70 (0.45-1.10) 0.119 0.84 (0.62-1.16) 0.295
 Not employed 0.75 (0.42-1.35) 0.343 0.90 (0.64-1.27) 0.543
Family history of diabetes1       
 No 1.00    1.00   
 Yes 0.98 (0.75-1.28) 0.865 1.09 (0.88-1.36) 0.422
Elevated blood pressure2       
 No 1.00    1.00   
 Yes 0.95 (0.62-1.46) 0.821 0.84 (0.64-1.10) 0.208
Dyslipidaemia3       
 No 1.00    1.00   
 Yes 1.14 (0.85-1.55) 0.384 1.11 (0.90-1.38) 0.324
Body mass index (kg/m2)       
 <30 1.00    1.00   
 ≥30 1.31 (0.94-1.83) 0.117 1.21 (0.95-1.55) 0.117
Waist circumference4       
 Normal 1.00    1.00   
 Elevated 1.34 (0.80-2.25) 0.273 1.37 (0.73-2.56) 0.322
 High risk 1.83 (1.07-3.13) 0.028 2.72 (1.50-4.93) <0.001
Smoking       
 No 1.00    1.00   
 Yes5 1.05 (0.75-1.47) 0.783 0.77 (0.58-1.04) 0.084
Physically active6       
 Yes 1.00    1.00   
 No 1.46 (1.07-1.98) 0.017 1.57 (1.57-1.98) <0.001
Self-rated fitness       
 High 1.00    1.00   
 Satisfactory 1.04 (0.75-1.42) 0.833 1.30 (1.02-1.66) 0.034
 Low 1.42 (0.90-2.22) 0.128 1.65 (1.18-2.33) 0.004
Stage of change       
 Maintenance 1.00    1.00   
 Action 2.17 (1.25-3.78) 0.006 2.29 (1.54-2.41) <0.001
 Preparation 2.54 (1.51-4.28) <0.001 2.24 (1.56-3.23) <0.001
 Contemplation 2.68 (1.55-4.65) <0.001 2.91 (1.90-4.46) <0.001
 Precontemplation 0.95 (0.53-1.69) 0.856 1.42 (0.87-2.31) 0.163
PAL perceived as sufficient       
 Yes 1.00    1.00   
 No 2.40 (1.72-3.37) <0.001 2.95 (2.27-3.83) <0.001
  1. Adjusted odds ratios (OR), and their 95% confidence intervals (CI), and p-values
  2. 1 At least one of the first-degree relatives had diabetes (type 1 or 2).
  3. 2 Systolic blood pressure ≥130 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥85 mmHg.
  4. 3 HDL < 1.03 mmol/l (men), <1.29 mmol/l (women); LDL ≥ 3 mmol/l or/and triglycerides ≥ 1.7 mmol/l, or medication for these lipid abnormalities.
  5. 4 Normal: <94 cm (m), <80 cm (w); elevated risk: 94-101 cm (m), 80-87 cm (w); high risk: ≥102 cm (m), ≥88 cm (w).
  6. 5 Includes occasional and regular smokers.
  7. 6 Engaging in physical exercise <30 minutes three times a week.