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Table 4 Association of socio-demographic and socioeconomic characteristics with self-perceived poverty; multivariable-adjusted analysis

From: Socioeconomic conditions of elderly people in Kosovo: a cross-sectional study

Variable OR* 95% CI* P
Sex:    
Men 1.00 Reference 0.024
Women 1.27 1.03-1.56  
Age group:    
65–74 years    
75–84 years    
85+ years    
Residence:    
Rural 1.00 Reference <0.001
Urban 1.42 1.17-1.73  
Educational level:    0.037 (2)
9+ years 1.00 Reference -
1–8 years 1.41 1.01-1.96 0.044
0 years 1.60 1.12-2.28 0.010
Marital status:    
Married    
Single    
Separated    
Widowed    
Living arrangements:    
Not living alone 1.00 Reference <0.001
Living alone 2.66 1.73-4.07  
  1. * Multivariable-adjusted odds ratios (ORs: poor vs. not poor) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) from binary logistic regression. All variables presented in the table were included in a backward stepwise elimination procedure with a p-value to exit set at >0.10. Empty cells refer to the variables excluded from the model.
  2. Overall p-value and degrees of freedom (in parentheses).