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Table 3 Association of socio-demographic and socioeconomic characteristics with self-perceived poverty; age-adjusted analysis

From: Socioeconomic conditions of elderly people in Kosovo: a cross-sectional study

Variable OR* 95% CI* P
Sex:    
Men 1.00 Reference 0.001
Women 1.36 1.13-1.63  
Age group:    0.072 (2)
65–74 years 1.00 Reference -
75–84 years 1.13 0.90-1.41 0.285
85+ years 1.31 1.04-1.64 0.022
Residence:    
Rural 1.00 Reference 0.012
Urban 1.27 1.06-1.53  
Educational level:    0.097 (2)
9+ years 1.00 Reference -
1–8 years 1.34 0.98-1.82 0.070
0 years 1.43 1.03-1.99 0.031
Marital status:    0.029 (3)
Married 1.00 Reference -
Single 2.66 1.01-7.01 0.047
Separated 1.14 0.39-3.27 0.814
Widowed 1.29 1.06-1.58 0.013
Living arrangements:    
Not living alone 1.00 Reference  
Living alone 2.47 1.63-3.74 <0.001
  1. * Age-adjusted odds ratios (ORs: poor vs. not poor) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) from binary logistic regression.
  2. Overall p-value and degrees of freedom (in parentheses).