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Table 1 South African food-based dietary guidelines approved by Department of Health as a health promotion tool

From: Evidence to support a food-based dietary guideline on sugar consumption in South Africa

Food-based dietary guideline Underlying reason for guideline
Enjoy a variety of foods Protection against micronutrient deficiencies
Be active Prevention of non-communicable diseases
Make starchy foods the basis of most meals Emphasising that carbohydrates also play a role. Also prevention of under-nutrition
Eat dry beans, peas, lentils and soya regularly Affordable source of protein and minerals
Chicken, fish, milk, meat or eggs can be eaten daily Promoting sources of animal protein and contributing to iron and calcium needs
Drink lots of clean safe water To maintain healthy body hydration
Eat plenty of fruit and vegetables every day For prevention of non-communicable diseases and micronutrient deficiencies. A
Eat fats sparingly Prevention of non-communicable diseases
Use salt sparingly Prevention of hypertension
Use food and drinks containing sugar sparingly and not between meals Prevention of dental caries
If you drink alcohol, drink sensibly Prevention of chronic alcoholism and micronutrient deficiencies