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Table 1 Characteristics of patients by case-finding method

From: Early detection of tuberculosis through community-based active case finding in Cambodia

  ACF (%) (n = 405) PCF-before (%) (n = 602) P-value (chi-squared test)
Sex
Male 178 (44.0) 278 (46.2) 0.527
Age group
15–24 10 (2.5) 44 (7.3) <0.001
25–34 25 (6.2) 100 (16.6)  
35–44 51 (12.6) 104 (17.3)  
45–54 111 (27.4) 158 (26.2)  
55–64 114 (28.1) 108 (17.9)  
>65 94 (23.2) 88 (14.6)  
Smear status
Negative 289 (71.4) 244 (40.5) <0.001
Positive 116 (28.6) 358 (59.6)  
Smear grade of smear-positive cases**
Scanty 10 (8.6) 8 (2.3) 0.003*
1+ 56 (48.3) 143 (40.4)  
2+ 30 (25.9) 137 (38.7)  
3+ 20 (17.2) 66 (18.6)  
Treatment initiation
Initial defaulter 21 (5.2) NA NA
Patient category
New 384 (100) 592 (98.3) 0.006*
Re-treatment 0 (0) 1 (0.2)  
Transfer-in 0 (0) 3 (0.5)  
Others 0 (0) 6 (1.0)  
Treatment outcome
Success (cure and complete) 370 (96.4) 573 (95.2) 0.323*
Default 3 (0.8) 4 (0.7)  
Died 3 (0.8) 11 (1.8)  
Transfer-out 0 (0.0) 4 (0.7)  
Failure 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)  
Unknown/not evaluated 8 (2.1) 10 (1.7)  
HIV status
Unknown 145 (35.8) 186 (30.9) 0.120
Known 260 (64.2) 416 (69.1)  
- Positive 1 (0.4) 4 (1.0) 0.696*
  1. * Fisher’s exact test was employed due to small cell counts.
  2. ** Smear grades were not available for four cases in the PCF-before group.