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Table 3 Bivariate Analysis of Stigma, Depression and Quality of life

From: Association between stigma, depression and quality of life of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) in South India – a community based cross sectional study

Types of stigma & Depression N Quality of Life
   Physical Domain Psychological Domain Social Domain Environment Domain
   Poor RR 95% CI P value Poor RR 95% CI P value Poor RR 95% CI P value Poor RR 95% CI P value
   n %     n %     n %     n %    
Personalized
Severe 115 45 39.1 0.89 0.69–1.16 0.386 46 40.0 1.00 0.77–1.30 1.000 65 56.5 1.15 0.94–1.41 0.180 49 42.6 1.40 1.06–1.84 0.021
Others 285 125 43.9     114 40.0     140 49.1     87 30.5    
Negative
Severe 121 44 36.4 0.81 0.62–1.06 0.110 40 33.1 0.77 0.58–1.03 0.068 65 53.7 1.07 0.88–1.32 0.494 36 29.8 0.83 0.60–1.13 0.228
Others 278 125 45.0     119 42.8     139 50.0     100 36.0    
Public Attitude
Severe 73 34 46.6 1.12 0.85–1.48 0.435 33 45.2 1.16 0.87–1.55 0.315 35 47.9 0.92 0.71–1.20 0.532 23 31.5 0.91 0.63–1.32 0.618
Others 327 136 41.6     127 38.8     170 52.0     113 34.6    
Disclosure
Severe 104 52 50.0 1.25 0.99–1.59 0.072 49 47.1 1.26 0.98–1.62 0.085 55 52.9 1.04 0.84–1.29 0.698 53 51.0 1.82 1.40–2.36 < 0.001
Others 296 118 39.9     111 37.5     150 50.7     83 28.0    
Overall
Severe 108 41 38.0 0.86 0.66–1.13 0.279 39 36.1 0.88 0.66–1.19 0.352 67 62.0 1.32 1.09–1.60 0.008 39 36.1 1.08 0.80–1.46 0.603
Others 291 128 44.0     120 41.2     137 47.1     97 33.3    
Depression
Severe 48 19 39.6 0.92 0.64–1.34 0.663 25 52.1 1.36 1.0–1.84 0.069 28 58.3 1.16 0.89–1.51 0.295 23 47.9 1.49 1.07–2.08 0.030
Others 352 151 42.9     135 38.4     177 50.3     113 32.1