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Table 4 Results for the modification of effectsa of Type D personality and low SES

From: Health inequalities in the Netherlands: a cross-sectional study of the role of Type D (distressed) personality

  Outcome is a lifestyle-related risk factor Outcome is poor health
  Current tobacco smoking Unsafe alcohol use Obesity Self-assessed poor health Chronic disease Diabetes Cardiovascular disease High psychological distress
  RRadjb
(95% CI)
RRadjb
(95% CI)
RRadjb
(95% CI)
RRadjb
(95% CI)
RRadjb
(95% CI)
RRadjb
(95% CI)
RRadjb
(95% CI)
RRadjb
(95% CI)
Type D Personality and low education         
   Both absent 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
   Only low education 1.4*
(1.3-1.5)
0.8*
(0.6-1.0)
1.8*
(1.5-2.1)
2.6*
(2.3-3.1)
1.2*
(1.1-1.3)
1.8*
(1.3-2.3)
2.0*
(1.5-2.8)
3.2
(0.9-10.9)
   Only Type D 1.1*
(1.0-1.2)
0.9
(0.8-1.1)
1.1*
(1.0-1.3)
2.9*
(2.6-3.2)
1.2*
(1.1-1.3)
0.9
(0.7-1.2)
1.6*
(1.2-2.1)
8.1*
(4.3-15.3)
   Both present 1.5*
(1.3-1.8)
0.7
(0.5-1.0)
1.5*
(1.2-1.9)
5.1*
(4.5-5.9)
1.4*
(1.2-1.5)
1.9*
(1.2-2.9)
2.6*
(1.7-4.1)
23.1*
(11.4-46.9)
   RERIc 0.0
(-0.2-0.3)
0.0
(-0.4-0.3)
-0.4
(-0.9-0.1)
0.6
(-0.1-1.3)
0.0
(-0.2-0.1)
0.2
(-0.7-1.1)
0.0
(-1.2-1.4)
12.9*
(0.8-32.3)
Type D Personality and low income         
   Both absent 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
   Only low income 1.4*
(1.3-1.4)
1.1
(1.0-1.2)
1.2*
(1.1-1.4)
2.0*
(1.8-2.3)
1.1*
(1.1-1.2)
1.6*
(1.3-1.9)
1.8*
(1.4-2.3)
2.2
(0.8-6.1)
   Only Type D 1.0
(0.9-1.1)
0.9
(0.8-1.1)
1.1
(1.0-1.3)
2.6*
(2.3-3.1)
1.1*
(1.1-1.2)
0.8
(0.5-1.2)
1.4
(1.0-2.1)
5.6*
(1.9-16.2)
   Both present 1.5*
(1.4-1.7)
0.9
(0.8-1.1)
1.3*
(1.1-1.5)
5.1*
(4.5-5.7)
1.4*
(1.3-1.4)
1.5*
(1.1-2.1)
2.7*
(2.0-3.6)
18.2*
(7.8-42.7)
   RERIc 0.2
(0.0-0.3)
-0.1
(-0.3-0.2)
-0.1
(-0.3-0.2)
1.4*
(0.9-1.9)
0.1
(0.0-0.2)
0.2
(-0.4-0.7)
0.4
(-0.5-1.3)
11.4*
(3.5-41.0)
  1. a Using multivariate Generalized Linear Models
  2. b Adjusted for sex, age (three categories), and municipality
  3. c RERI: Relative Excess Risk due to Interaction
  4. * p < 0.05
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