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Table 2 Weighted prevalence of Type D personality

From: Health inequalities in the Netherlands: a cross-sectional study of the role of Type D (distressed) personality

Characteristic Region
  West-Brabant 's-Hertogenbosch
  % Type D % Type D
Highest completed education   
   None or primary school 31.0 34.1
   Lower general secondary or lower vocational school 23.6 20.3
   Higher general secondary school, intermediate vocational school, or pre-university 19.0 20.8
   Higher vocational (Bachelor) or university (Master) 14.4 14.1
Net monthly household income   
   ≤ € 850 32.8 23,3
   €851-€1,150 30.1 24.0
   €1,150-€1,750 21.8 21.4
   €1,751-€3,050 17.6 21.6
   €3,051-€3,500 10.9 12.3
   ≥ €3,501 13.3 11.5
   Doesn't want to tell 19.3 14.0
Tobacco smoking   
   Current 23.9 17.9
   Former 19.1 21.8
   Never 18.7 17.9
Alcohol consumption   
   Unsafea 16.3 8.9
   Safe 19.1 18.2
   Abstains 29.3 32.6
   Yes, amount unknown 21.7 18.4
Body Mass Index   
   < 30 kg/m2 19.9 18.0
   ≥ 30 kg/m2 24.1 26.8
Self-assessed health   
   Excellent 5.4 3.8
   Very good 9.7 13.0
   Good 20.5 17.8
   Fair 44.0 43.0
   Poor 55.7 50.0
At least one chronic diseaseb   
   Yes, diagnosed by physician 23.4 21.9
   No/not diagnosed by physician 17.6 15.6
Diabetes   
   Yes, diagnosed by physician 19.7 18.2
   No/not diagnosed by physician 20.2 18.7
Cardiovascular diseasec   
   Yes, diagnosed by physician 23.4 16.7
   No/not diagnosed by physician 20.2 18.5
Psychological distress   
   None or low (K10 score 10-15)   7.8
   Moderate (K10 score 16-29)   37.7
   High (K10 score 30-50)   64.5
  1. a > 21 glasses alcoholic beverages weekly for men; > 14 glasses alcoholic beverages weekly for women
  2. b during the last 12 months, from among the following 18 chronic diseases: 1) diabetes; 2) stroke, cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemic attack; 3) myocardial infarction; 4) other severe heart disorder, such as heart failure or angina pectoris; 5) cancer; 6) migraine or regular severe headaches; 7) high blood pressure; 8) constriction of the blood vessels in stomach or legs (not varicose veins); 9) asthma, chronic bronchitis, pulmonary emphysema, or COPD; 10) severe or persistent intestinal disorders, for than 3 months; 11) psoriasis; 12) chronic eczema; 13) incontinence; 14) severe or persistent back disorders (including slipped disc); 15) articular degeneration of hips or knees; 16) chronic arthritis (rheumatoid arthritis, chronic rheumatism); 17) other severe or persistent disorder of neck or shoulder; 18) other severe or persistent disorder of elbow, wrist, or hand
  3. c based on three questions: (1) stroke, cerebrovascular accident, or transient ischemic attack, (2) myocardial infarction, (3) other severe heart disorder, such as heart failure of angina pectoris
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