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Table 5 Costs of healthcare usage and productivity loss from full days off work and restricted work days

From: The health and cost implications of high body mass index in Australian defence force personnel

  Cohort
  Normal Overweight Obese Restricted body fat Obese No restriction on body fat
  n = 197 n = 154 n = 148 n = 180
Hospital visits
 Total $853,847 $856,628 $867,753 $1,239,051
 Mean (±SD) $4,334 (11,783) $5,563 (13,227) $5,863 (12,299) $6,884 (12,717)
 Median $0 $1,391 $1,391* $1,391*
 (Range) ($0 − 11,1250) ($0 − 11,6812) ($0 − 97,344) ($0 − 80,656)
Medical specialist consultations
 Total $121,861 $125,456 $148,234 $187,300
 Mean (±SD) $619 (781) $815 (912) $1,002 (1,049) $1,041 (1,039)
 Median $355 $440* $673* $682*
 (Range) ($0 − 4988) ($0 − 4,666) ($0− 6,029) ($0 − 5,521)
Medical scans
 Total $17,925 $24,375 $28,380 $35,877
 Mean (±SD) $91 (208) $158 (281) $192 (303) $199 (346)
 Median $0 $0* $42* $40*
 (Range) ($0 − 1,238) ($0 − 1,265) ($0 − 1,617) ($0 − 1,620)
Productivity loss from full days off work (per calendar day)
 Total $3,015 $5,445 $10,066 $16,994
 Mean (±SD) $15 (91) $35 (157) $68 (371) $94 (496)
 Median (Range) 0 ($0 − 881) 0 ($0 − 1,370) 0 ($0 − 4,111)* 0 ($0 − 5,022)*
Productivity loss from full days off work (per work day)
 Total $4,233 $7,644 $14,131 $23,858
 Mean (±SD) $21 (128) $50 (220) $95 (521) $133 (696)
 Median (Range) 0 ($0 − 1,237) 0 ($0 − 1,924) 0 ($0 − 5,771)* 0 ($0 − 7,051)*
Productivity loss from restricted work days (50% limited activity)
 Total $164,945 $87,997 $175,430 $213,361
 Mean (±SD) $837 (3,135) $571 (1,852) $1,359 (3,664) $1,185 (3,028)
 Median (Range) 0 ($0 − 25,806) 0 ($0 − 17,097) 0 ($0 − 22,707) 0 ($0 − 27,943)*
  1. * p < 0.05 vs BMI 18.5 − 24.9.