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Table 2 Opioid user subpopulations: New York City, 2006

From: Estimating the prevalence of illicit opioid use in New York City using multiple data sources

Subpopulation Dataset Opioid misusers (N) Subpopulation estimation definitions Subpopulation estimates (N) Midpoint estimate (N)
General Population (G) Expansive = GE = a + b + c Restrictive = GR = a GE = 79,245 GR = 59,680 69,463
a. Household survey NSDUH 59,680    
b. NYC jail inmates receiving methadone Correctional Health Services 18,958    
c. Overdose deaths involving opioids Vital Statistics 607    
Drug Services (D) Expansive = DE = d + e Restrictive = DR = d DE = 29,818 DR = 26,938 28,378
d. Detox and drug treatment programs CDS 26,938    
e. Buprenorphine Prescription records 2,880    
Medical Services (M) Total = M = f + g-h M = 17,618 17,618
f. Hospital inpatienti SPARCS 11,058    
g. Emergency room SPARCS 7,856    
h. Both inpatient and emergency admissionsii SPARCS (−)1,296    
UNADJUSTED TOTALS (T)   126,681 Expansive = TE = GE + DE + M Restrictive = TR = GR + DR + M TE = 126,681 TR = 104,236 115,459
  1. i Individuals hospitalized for medical reasons only; excludes those hospitalized only for drug/alcohol detoxification or rehabilitation.
  2. ii Individuals having both a medical hospitalization and an emergency room admission for an opioid-related diagnosis in calendar year 2006.