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Table 3 Hazard Ratios and likelihood chi-square values indicating the effects of period of birth controlling for explanatory variables on infant mortality, merged KDHS 1993-2003

From: In search for an explanation to the upsurge in infant mortality in Kenya during the 1988–2003 period

Explanatory variable Model I Model II Model III Model IV Model V Model VI
LRχ2 7.18 33.07 64.3 38.19 110.59 102.57
d.f. 1 1 1 1 1 1
P-value < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Time period       
1988-95 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
1996-2003 1.19 (2.69)* 1.03 (0.35) 1.23 (2.42)* 1.10(5.17)* 1.28(2.46)* 1.38(2.41)*
  1. Notes: Model 1 = Time period indicator only, Model II = Model I plus all maternal factors, Model III = Model I plus all socio-economic factors (SES); Model IV = Model I plus all maternal health seeking factors; Model V = Model I plus community level factors and Model VI = Model I plus all other models. T-statistics are shown in the parentheses; *significant at p-value < 0.05. The LRχ2 values refer to those associated with the time period indicator variable.
  2. Source: Primary analysis of the pooled KDHS Datasets, 1993, 1998 & 2003.