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Table 2 Means values of the explanatory variables for infant mortality: Kenya, 1988–95 and 1996–2003 periods

From: In search for an explanation to the upsurge in infant mortality in Kenya during the 1988–2003 period

Characteristic Time period Time period Significance of differences in means (t-statistic)
  1988–95 (n = 3115) 1996–03 (n = 2150)  
Maternal factors    
Maternal age at child birth (D) 1.672 1.688 −0.951
Baby size at birth (D) 0.818 0.816 0.175
Duration of breastfeeding (D) 0.810 0.908 −7.525**
Preceding birth interval (D) 0.699 0.736 −1.93
Maternal health-seeking factors    
Place of delivery (D) 0.624 0.593 1.43
Tetanus Toxoid (D) 0.883 0.867 1.297
Socio-economic factors    
Paternal education (years) 5.471 5.789 −1.141
Source of water (D) 0.268 0.299 −1.746
Type of Toilet Facility (D) 0.795 0.812 −1.145
Maternal education (Years) 5.149 5.490 −4.068**
Ethnicity (D) 0.867 0.882 −1.248
Household Wealth Index (D) 0.558 0.580 −1.92
Community level factors    
HIV regional status (D) 1.364 1.429 3.388**
Malaria endemic region (D) 0.345 0.421 −4.344**
  1. Notes: D denotes dichotomous variable. ***p < 0.001, **p < 0.01, *p < 0.05.
  2. Source: Primary analysis of the merged KDHS dataset 1988/89 and 1997/98.