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Table 6 Associations between plural use of media and subjective health complaints

From: Combined influence of media use on subjective health in elementary school children in Japan: a population-based study

  not adjusted adjusted*
Odds 95 % CI p value Odds 95 % CI p value
Depression
all less than 1 hr (ref) 1    1   
one - more than 1 hr 1.132 (0.952-1.345) 0.160 1.139 (0.958-1.355) 0.139
two- more than 1 hr 1.472 (1.176-1.842) 0.001 1.456 (1.158-1.830) 0.001
all more than 1 hr 1.639 (1.068-2.518) 0.024 1.644 (1.067-2.532) 0.024
Sleeplessness
all less than 1 hr (ref) 1    1   
one - more than 1 hr 1.037 (0.881-1.220) 0.664 1.074 (0.911-1.265) 0.395
two - more than 1 hr 1.422 (1.147-1.762) 0.001 1.477 (1.185-1.840) 0.001
all more than 1 hr 1.631 (1.073-2.478) 0.022 1.783 (1.168-2.721) 0.007
Ill at ease
all less than 1 hr (ref) 1    1   
one - more than 1 hr 1.233 (1.045-1.454) 0.013 1.286 (1.087-1.521) 0.003
two - more than 1 hr 1.848 (1.488-2.297) <0.001 1.704 (1.362-2.131) <0.001
all more than 1 hr 2.452 (1.600-3.757) <0.001 2.476 (1.601-3.829) <0.001
Dizziness
all less than 1 hr (ref) 1    1   
one - more than 1 hr 0.929 (0.758-1.138) 0.475 0.912 (0.744-1.119) 0.378
two - more than 1 hr 1.622 (1.264-2.081) <0.001 1.728 (1.338-2.232) <0.001
all more than 1 hr 1.740 (1.091-2.775) 0.020 1.791 (1.117-2.872) 0.016
Poor appetite
all less than 1 hr (ref) 1    1   
one - more than 1 hr 1.235 (1.030-1.482) 0.023 1.248 (1.040-1.498) 0.018
two - more than 1 hr 1.576 (1.246-1.994) <0.001 1.555 (1.224-1.975) <0.001
all more than 1 hr 1.497 (0.954-2.349) 0.079 1.505 (0.956-2.369) 0.077
Headache
all less than 1 hr (ref) 1    1   
one - more than 1 hr 0.950 (0.807-1.119) 0.539 0.973 (0.826-1.146) 0.742
two - more than 1 hr 1.258 (1.013-1.561) 0.038 1.327 (1.064-1.654) 0.012
all more than 1 hr 1.713 (1.125-2.607) 0.012 1.854 (1.214-2.833) 0.004
Abdominal pain
all less than 1 hr (ref) 1    1   
one - more than 1 hr 1.016 (0.842-1.226) 0.871 1.033 (0.855-1.248) 0.735
two - more than 1 hr 1.394 (1.095-1.775) 0.007 1.420 (1.110-1.817) 0.005
all more than 1 hr 1.443 (0.905-2.301) 0.123 1.506 (0.941-2.411) 0.088
Short-tempered
all less than 1 hr (ref) 1    1   
one - more than 1 hr 1.409 (1.195-1.661) <0.001 1.446 (1.225-1.706) <0.001
two - more than 1 hr 2.186 (1.759-2.716) <0.001 2.271 (1.819-2.836) <0.001
all more than 1 hr 1.738 (1.140-2.651) 0.010 1.864 (1.218-2.853) 0.004
Negative thinking
all less than 1 hr (ref) 1    1   
one - more than 1 hr 1.049 (0.890-1.236) 0.566 1.069 (0.906-1.261) 0.432
two - more than 1 hr 1.339 (1.078-1.662) 0.008 1.463 (1.172-1.826) 0.001
all more than 1 hr 1.922 (1.264-2.921) 0.002 2.128 (1.394-3.250) <0.001
  1. ref: reference.
  2. *adjusted by gender and grade.