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Table 5 Associations between plural use of media and lifestyles

From: Combined influence of media use on subjective health in elementary school children in Japan: a population-based study

  not adjusted adjusted*
Odds 95 % CI p value Odds 95 % CI p value
Bedtime
all less than 1 hr (ref) 1    1   
one - more than 1 hr 1.158 (0.963-1.393) 0.119 1.224 (1.015-1.476) 0.034
two- more than 1 hr 1.871 (1.484-2.360) <0.001 1.908 (1.502-2.424) <0.001
all more than 1 hr 2.014 (1.302-3.117) 0.002 2.258 (1.446-3.525) <0.001
Waking time
all less than 1 hr (ref) 1    1   
one - more than 1 hr 1.038 (0.800-1.346) 0.779 1.088 (0.837-1.415) 0.527
two– more than 1 hr 1.325 (0.954-1.842) 0.093 1.286 (0.918-1.801) 0.144
all more than 1 hr 2.328 (1.366-3.967) 0.002 2.502 (1.452-4.312) 0.001
Good awakened feeling
all less than 1 hr (ref) 1    1   
one - more than 1 hr 1.123 (0.920-1.370) 0.256 1.107 (0.906-1.352) 0.319
two– more than 1 hr 2.155 (1.690-2.747) <0.001 2.071 (1.617-2.652) <0.000
all more than 1 hr 2.754 (1.762-4.304) <0.001 2.621 (1.671-4.111) <0.000
Breakfast eating
all less than 1 hr (ref) 1    1   
one - more than 1 hr 1.401 (0.853-2.301) 0.182 1.406 (0.855-2.311) 0.179
two– more than 1 hr 4.168 (2.501-6.945) <0.001 3.843 (2.286-6.462) <0.001
all more than 1 hr 8.305 (4.222-16.339) <0.001 7.816 (3.935-15.525) <0.000
Eating breakfast alone
all less than 1 hr (ref) 1    1   
one - more than 1 hr 1.315 (1.101-1.570) 0.002 1.301 (1.089-1.555) 0.004
two– more than 1 hr 1.489 (1.181-1.877) 0.001 1.436 (1.135-1.818) 0.003
all more than 1 hr 1.647 (1.059-2.563) 0.027 1.572 (1.007-2.452) 0.046
Dinner eating
all less than 1 hr (ref) 1    1   
one - more than 1 hr 0.982 (0.800-1.206) 0.865 0.979 (0.797-1.202) 0.839
two– more than 1 hr 1.329 (1.024-1.725) 0.033 1.306 (1.001-1.703) 0.049
all more than 1 hr 1.069 (0.624-1.830) 0.808 1.048 (0.610-1.801) 0.865
Eating dinner alone
all less than 1 hr (ref) 1    1   
one - more than 1 hr 1.227 (0.952-1.582) 0.115 1.220 (0.946-1.575) 0.126
two– more than 1 hr 1.222 (0.873-1.711) 0.242 1.154 (0.820-1.624) 0.412
all more than 1 hr 1.657 (0.920-2.985) 0.092 1.563 (0.864-2.828) 0.140
Learning time at home
all less than 1 hr (ref) 1    1   
one - more than 1 hr 0.923 (0.763-1.116) 0.408 0.949 (0.784-1.149) 0.591
two– more than 1 hr 0.957 (0.740-1.236) 0.735 0.908 (0.755-1.273) 0.883
all more than 1 hr 0.629 (0.397-0.997) 0.049 0.672 (0.423-1.069) 0.094
Reading at home
all less than 1 hr (ref) 1    1   
one - more than 1 hr 1.356 (1.157-1.588) <0.001 1.360 (1.159-1.596) <0.001
two– more than 1 hr 2.081 (1.679-2.580) <0.001 1.835 (1.474-2.285) <0.001
all more than 1 hr 1.807 (1.184-2.756) 0.006 1.633 (1.065-2.504) 0.025
  1. ref: reference.
  2. *adjusted by gender and grade.