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Table 1 Baseline sociodemographic data

From: Health promotion intervention in mental health care: design and baseline findings of a cluster preference randomized controlled trial

Variable All (n = 284) Intervention group (n = 201) Control group (n = 83) p
Sex     .27§
men, n (%) 174 (61.3) 119 (59.2) 55 (66.3)  
women, n (%) 110 (38.7) 82 (40.8) 28 (33.7)  
Age (years), mean ± SD 46.3 ± 12.3 46.2 ± 12.5 46.5 ± 11.9 .83‡
Smoking status, n (%)     .22§
no smoking 103 (39) 77 (41.4) 26 (33.3)  
smoking 161 (61) 109 (58.6) 52 (66.7)  
Alcohol use, n (%)     .81§
regular 122 (46) 87 (46.5) 35 (44.9)  
never 143 (54) 100 (53.5) 43 (55.1)  
Employment, n (%)     .51§
regular 13 (4.9) 11 (5.9) 2 (2.5)  
sheltered 105 (39.6) 73 (39.2) 32 (40.5)  
no 147 (55.5) 102 (54.8) 45 (57.0)  
Living situation, n (%)     <.05§
alone 86 (32.3) 71 (38) 15 (19)  
with others 180 (67.7) 116 (62) 64 (81)  
Stay in SH (years), median (range) 4 (0.1–22.3) 4.4 (0.1–22.3) 2.5 (0.1–16.3) <.05†
DSM-IV diagnosis, n (%)     
schizophrenia 105 (37.9) 80 (41.2) 25 (30.1) .08§
mood disorder 68 (24.5) 44 (22.7) 24 (28.9) .27§
substance misuse 44 (15.9) 30 (15.5) 14 (16.9) .77§
personality disorder 40 (14.4) 29 (14.9) 11 (13.3) .71§
other 20 (7.2) 11 (5.7) 9 (10.8) .13§
Medication, n (%)     
sedatives/anxiolytica 7 (2.8) 3 (1.7) 4 (5.7) .09§
antipsychotics 56 (22.8) 46 (26.1) 10 (14.3) .05§
antidepressants 12 (4.9) 8 (4.5) 4 (5.7) .70§
sedatives/antipsych./antidepres. 49 (19.9) 31 (17.6) 18 (25.7) .15§
sedatives/antipsychotics 20 (8.1) 16 (9.1) 4 (5.7) .38§
sedatives/antidepressants 16 (6.5) 9 (5.1) 7 (10.0) .16§
antipsychotics/antidepressants 75 (30.5) 58 (33.0) 17 (24.3) .18§
no medication 11 (4.5) 5 (2.8) 6 (8.6)  
  1. §Pearson Chi-Square.
  2. ‡Independent samples t-test.
  3. †Mann–Whitney U test.
  4. SH, sheltered housing; DSM-IV, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.