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Table 5 Multiple linear regression analysis predicting waist circumference (cm) (WC) from demographic factors, life events, food habits, physical activity and psychological factors in a Portuguese sample (N = 540)

From: Associations between obesity (BMI and waist circumference) and socio-demographic factors, physical activity, dietary habits, life events, resilience, mood, perceived stress and hopelessness in healthy older Europeans

Demographics Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
B SE Beta B SE Beta B SE Beta B SE Beta
Sex 5.54 1.67 0.21** 5.63 1.70 0.21** 4.49 1.93 0.17* 4.70 1.97 0.17*
Working Status −0.53 1.95 −0.02 −0.56 1.98 −0.02 −0.54 1.97 −0.02 −0.61 1.99 −0.02
Age (yrs) 0.39 0.11 0.03 0.02 0.11 0.01 −0.03 0.12 −0.03 −0.04 0.12 −0.04
Ed (yrs) −1.07 0.49 −0.19* −1.04 0.50 −0.18* −1.02 0.50 0.18* −0.83 0.52 −0.14
Age by*sex 0.26 0.15 0.16† 0.28 0.15 0.17† 0.28 0.15 0.17† 0.32 0.16 0.19*
Ed (yrs) by*sex 1.01 0.77 0.11 1.07 0.77 0.11 1.08 0.78 0.12 0.85 0.82 0.09
Life Events             
Relationships     −1.99 4.72 −0.03 −2.52 4.73 −0.04 −4.88 4.90 −0.08
Financial     2.14 7.05 0.02 3.78 7.08 0.04 6.13 7.21 0.07
Illness     2.22 2.11 0.07 1.87 2.11 0.06 1.60 2.18 0.05
Bereavement     0.87 2.24 0.02 0.69 2.25 0.02 0.94 2.34 0.03
Employment     −2.82 3.85 −0.04 −3.31 3.84 −0.05 −3.26 3.91 −0.05
Lifestyle             
SED activity 1a        0.82 0.53 0.10 0.63 0.54 0.08
PA activity 2b        −1.70 0.86 −0.12* −1.62 0.90 −0.12†
FFQ (alcohol)        0.83 0.99 0.06 0.69 1.04 0.05
FFQ (unhealthy)        −0.51 0.93 −0.04 −0.82 0.96 −0.06
FFQ (healthy)        0.52 0.88 0.04 0.26 0.92 0.02
Wellbeing             
General Mood           −0.78 0.84 −0.09
Intense Mood           −0.09 0.69 −0.01
Variable Mood           1.03 0.61 0.15†
Hopelessness           −1.44 1.14 −0.11
Resilience           −0.02 0.13 −0.02
Emotional Stress           0.60 0.86 0.08
Stress control           0.82 0.82 0.11
General mood ¹           1.03 1.28 0.43
Variable mood ¹           −0.40 0.88 −0.04
Intense mood ¹           −0.45 1.01 −0.04
Hopelessness ¹           0.33 1.69 0.18
Resilience ¹           0.08 0.18 0.05
Emotional stress ¹           −0.15 1.20 −0.01
Stress control ¹           −0.08 1.21 −0.01
Adjusted R ²   0.07    0.06    0.07    0.06  
  1. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, †10% significant.
  2. Abbreviations: SED Sedentary, PA Physical activity; FFQ Food Frequency Questionnaire.
  3. ¹ = controlled for sex.
  4. a Sedentary behaviour at weekdays & weekends; b Physical activity in the previous week.