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Table 3 Multiple linear regression analysis predicting waist circumference (cm) (WC) from demographic factors, life events, food habits, physical activity and psychological factors in the Great Britain sample (N = 1182)

From: Associations between obesity (BMI and waist circumference) and socio-demographic factors, physical activity, dietary habits, life events, resilience, mood, perceived stress and hopelessness in healthy older Europeans

Demographics Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
b SE b ß b SE b ß b SE b ß b SE b ß
Sex 9.58 0.77 0.38** 9.40 0.77 0.37** 9.48 0.81 0.37** 9.23 0.82 0.36**
Working Status 2.3 0.94 0.08** 1.38 0.95 0.05 1.05 0.94 0.04 1.21 0.94 0.05
Age (years) −0.06 0.06 −0.05 −0.03 0.06 −0.03 −0.06 0.06 −0.05 −0.05 0.06 −0.05
Ed (yrs) −0.19 0.07 −0.13** −0.18 0.07 −0.12** −0.16 0.07 −0.11* −0.17 0.07 −0.11**
Age by*sex 0.19 0.07 0.12* 0.20 0.07 0.12* 0.22 0.07 0.14** 0.20 0.07 0.13**
Ed (yrs) by*sex 0.11 0.10 0.05 0.10 0.09 0.05 0.10 0.09 0.05 0.12 0.10 0.05
Life Events             
Relationships     −1.09 1.77 −0.03 −1.24 1.76 −0.03 −0.78 1.77 −0.02
Financial     1.03 2.28 0.02 0.63 2.27 0.01 0.52 2.28 0.01
Illness     4.34 0.88 0.15** 3.58 0.88 0.13** 3.95 0.90 0.14**
Bereavement     0.05 0.87 0.00 0.09 0.86 0.00 0.30 0.87 0.01
Employment     0.86 1.27 0.02 0.80 1.25 0.02 0.88 1.28 0.02
Lifestyle             
SED activity 1 a        1.02 0.23 0.14** 0.97 0.24 0.13**
PA activity 2 b        0.19 0.28 0.02 0.22 0.28 0.02
FFQ (alcohol)        −0.35 0.40 −0.03 −0.38 0.40 −0.03
FFQ (unhealthy)        0.01 0.45 0.00 −0.02 0.45 0.00
FFQ (healthy)        −0.30 0.39 −0.02 −0.39 0.39 −0.03
Wellbeing             
Happy Mood           0.68 0.38 0.08†
Intense Mood           0.35 0.27 0.09†
Variable Mood           −0.02 0.28 −0.00
Hopelessness           −0.06 0.78 0.00
Resilience           −0.15 0.06 −0.11*
Emotional stress           −0.11 0.37 −0.01
Stress control           −0.33 0.22 −0.07
General Mood ¹           −0.35 0.55 −0.03
Intense Mood ¹           −0.15 0.39 −0.02
Hopelessness ¹           −0.01 1.07 0.00
Resilience ¹           0.06 0.10 0.03
Emotional Stress ¹           −0.40 0.52 −0.13
Stress control ¹           0.14 0.45 0.02
Adjusted R²   0.16    0.18    0.20    0.20  
  1. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, †10% significant.
  2. Abbreviations: SED Sedentary, PA Physical activity, FFQ Food Frequency Questionnaire.
  3. ¹ = controlled for sex.
  4. a Sedentary behaviour at weekdays & weekends; b Physical activity in the previous week.