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Table 3 Multivariate model of predictors of heavy illness burden and bad self reported health (SRH) over time (1981 to 2000), in men and women who have reported versus not reported violence exposure with adjustment for risk factors for poor health (Odds ratio with 95% confidence interval)

From: Long-term health consequences of violence exposure in adolescence: a 26–year prospective study

  Heavy illness burden 2000 Bad SRH 2000
  Unadjusted model 1 Adjusted model 21 Unadjusted model 1 Adjusted model 21
  Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women
Reported violence IP 1981         
  No 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
  Yes 0.4 (0.4–2.8) 9.0 (1.1–33) 0.8 (0.3–2.1) 2.0 (0.8–31) 2.5 (0.9–6.7) 4.8 (1.3–18) 2.6 (0.8–8.3) 7.3 (1.1–46)
Fathers social class         
  I and II    1 1    1 1
  III    1.4 (0.7–2.8) 1.3 (0.7–2.5)    0.7 (0.3–1.7) 1.3 (0.6–3.0)
Childhood economical problem         
  No    1 1    1 1
  Yes    0.5 (0.1–2.9) 1.3 (0.3–6.2)    2.9 (0.4–19) 0.3 (0.1–2.0)
Childhood health problem in family         
  No    1 1    1 1
  Yes    2.0 (0.8–5.0) 0.9 (0.3–2.6)    1.9 (0.6–5.9) 1.1 (0.3–4.0)
Childhood family status         
  Both parent    1 1    1 1
  Divorced, dead or absent    1.4 (0.6–3.6) 0.8 (0.7–4.7)    0.6 (0.2–2.3) 2.2 (0.8–6.0)
Illness burden 1981 IP         
  No    1 1    1 1
  Yes    2.2 (1.0–5.4) 1.3 (0.7–2.7)    0.3 (0.1–1.2) 1.7 (0.7–4.1)
Smoking 1981 IP         
  No    1 1    1 1
  Yes    1.2 (0.5–2.6) 0.8 (0.4–1.7)    2.9 (1.2–7.4) 1.7 (0.7–4.0)
Reported violence IP 2000         
  No    1 1    1 1
  Yes    1.5 (0.4–6.4) 4.5 (1.2–17)    4.2 (0.9–20) 0.6 (0.1–2.5)
  1. Nagelkerke R2 for the adjusted model heavy illness burden (men 0.08 women 0.15) and the adjusted model bad SHR (men 0.07 women 0.10).