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Table 1 Social demographic descriptives, illness burden and smoking in adolescents exposed and not exposed to violence during the past year each survey year and gender (percentage with 95% CI)

From: Long-term health consequences of violence exposure in adolescence: a 26–year prospective study

  1974 1981 1991 2000
  Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women
  Exposed Not exposed Exposed Not Exposed Exposed Not exposed Exposed Not Exposed Exposed Not exposed Exposed Not Exposed Exposed Not exposed Exposed Not Exposed
  (n = 26) (n = 165) (n = 19) (n = 186) (n = 34) (n = 213) (n = 14) (n = 217) (n = 32) (n = 88) (n = 11) (n = 100) (n = 14) (n = 100) (n = 11) (n = 77)
Fathers social class1 46 44 42 49 68 52 64 46 47 43 46 49 23 14 36 22
(27–65) (36–52) (20–64) (42–56) (52–84) (45–59) (39–89) (39–53) (30–64) (33–53) (17–75) (39–59) (10–26) (0–32) (8–64) (13–31)
Childhood economical problem2 13 4 16 12 16 6 50 6 19 4 36 5 19 10 25 13
(1–26) (1–7) (0–32) (7–17) (4–28) (3–9) (24–76) (3–9) (5–33) (0–8) (9–64) (1–9) (11–27) (0–26) (0–51) (5–21)
Childhood serious illness in the family3 15 13 21 14 13 12 7 11 16 8 36 17 Na Na Na Na
(1–29) (8-18 (3–39) (9–19) (2–24) (8–16) (0–20) (7–15) (3–29) (2–14) (8–64) (10–24)     
Childhood family status4 77 87 74 89 74 83 64 83 81 77 63 72 81 60 67 64
(61–93) (82–92) (54–94) (84–93) (59–89) (78–88) (39–89) (78–88) (67–95) (68–86) (34–92) (63–81) (73–89) (34–86) (39–95) (53–75)
Education IP5 0 6 5 4 10 7 14 9 9 2 0 7 34 57 27 42
(0–0) (2–10) (0–15) (1–7) (0–20) (4–10) (0–32) (5–13) (0–19) (0–5) (0–0) (2–12) (25–43) (31–83) (1–53) (31–53)
Illness burden IP6 46 21 53 46 32 14 86 33 28 22 82 41 45 40 58 44
(27–65) (15–27) (31–75) (39–53) (16–48) (9–19) (68–99) (27–39) (12–44) (13–31) (59–99) (31–51) (35–55) (14–66) (29–87) (33–55)
Smoking IP7 42 30 68 47 36 19 71 31 28 14 18 24 20 13 33 18
(23–61) (23–37) (47–89) (40–54) (20–52) (14–24) (57–95) (25–37) (12–44) (7–21) (0–41) (16–32) (0–41) (6–20) (5–61) (9–27)
Percentage of IP at follow up 2000 62 70 58 78 74 75 71 77 84 82 91 75     
(43–81) (63–77) (36–80) (72–84) (59–89) (69–81) (47–95) (71–83) (74–94) (74–90) (74–100) (67–83)     
  1. 1Social group III; 2 Yes; 3Yes; 4 Living with both parents; 5 Senior high school or above; 6 Heavy illness burden; 7 Smoking;
  2. IP Interview person; Na not applicable because of missing data; Bold figures = significant differences between exposed and not exposed.