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Table 1 Measures developed for use in baseline, post-intervention and follow-up assessments

From: The prevention access and risk taking in young people (PARTY) project protocol: A cluster randomised controlled trial of health risk screening and motivational interviewing for young people presenting to general practice

Name of Measure Nature of measure Content of measure Method of administration Phase of administration
Practice measures
Practice snapshot Proforma of qualitative questions and observer's field notes about practice Organisational and staffing structure and youth friendly processes. RA trained in assessing youth friendliness interviewed practice managers and directly observed practice (eg. Waiting room and materials). Detailed field notes recorded interactions with staff and incidents observed at the practice. Baseline profile
Staff measures
Staff survey Likert scales and demographic survey Self-perceived competency with youth friendly care and managing young people's health risk. Demographic data on age, gender and for clinicians, year of graduation, prior training in youth health or brief interventions and timing of these. Self-completion written questionnaire Baseline profile and post-intervention
Staff interview Semi-structured interview Acceptance of screening processes Qualitative interview with RA, audio-taped 3-month follow-up phase
Nurse interview Semi-structured interview Feasibility of role in screening, counselling and linkage function Qualitative interview with RA, audio-taped 3-month - 12 month follow-up phase
Young people’s exit interview
Recall of Screening and Counselling [83] Self-report categorical responses Recall (occurring with healthcare provider) of screening/counselling for health risk Computer Assisted Telephone Interview (CATI) Baseline profile and post-intervention
GPAQ [84] Self-report categorical responses    
Family Doctor Trust Scale [85] Self-report categorical responses Items related to trust in the clinician   
Likelihood of Future Visits Scale [86] Self-report categorical responses Items examining what conditions youth happy to see the clinician about   
Recall of other youth friendly processes Self-report categorical responses Confidentiality discussion, time alone with clinician   
K10 [87] Self-report likert responses Emotional distress   
Self-rating of mental and physical health [88] Self-report categorical responses    
SF12 [89] Self-report likert responses quality of life   
DEP-ADO [90, 91] Self-report categorical responses Smoking, alcohol and other subtance use   
Abuse Screen [92] Screening adolescents for abuse Fear of a partner, fear of a family member for those 17 yrs and over   
Other risky behaviours/events Self-report categorical responses and some likert scales Unprotected sex, forced sex, road safety risk, eating and exercise Patterns, self harm, antisocial behaviour, bullying events.   
Considering risky behaviour change Self-report binary yes/no response for self-identified risk    
Readiness for Change Ruler [93] Self-report likert scales Readiness for change   
Intention to Change [93] Self-report catgeorical responses on a 5 point agree/disagree scale Consideration of change   
Health service use Self-report categorical responses Use of a wide range of health services and costs   
Young people's follow-up interviews
3 month follow-up and 12 month follow-up   Risky behaviour measures, K10 and SF12, abuse and violence measures as above; health service use since last consultation; whether had followed up on clinician's advice at initial consultation. CATI interviewers 3 month follow-up and 12-month follow-up
Parent measures
Parent survey Self-completion questionnaire: a mixture of categorical, likert and short answer questions Parent opinion about various aspects of youth friendly care including health risk screening and confidentiality Self-completion written questionnaire, sometimes completed over the phone by CATI if not returned in reply paid post. Post-intervention
Consultation level measure
Clinician encounter form Self-completion questionnaire: a mixture of categorical, likert and short answer questions Reason for presentation, diagnosis, management. Completed by clinician after consulting with a young person aged 14–24 years. Baseline profile and post-intervention
  1. RA = research assistant; GPAQ = General Practice Assessment Questionnaire; K10 = Kessler Psychological Distress Scale.
  2. SF12 = 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey; DEP-ADO = Detection of Alcohol and Drug Problems in Adolescents.